It offers a roadmap for the rest of the paper. The writer knows how to proceed and the reader knows what to expect. If you write your introduction first, be sure to revisit it after you have written your entire essay. Because your paper will evolve as you write, you need to go back and make sure that the introduction still sets up your argument and still fits your organizational structure.
Your conclusion serves two main purposes. First, it reiterates your argument in different language than you used in the thesis and body of your paper. Second, it tells your reader why your argument matters. In your conclusion, you want to take a step back and consider briefly the historical implications or significance of your topic.
You will not be introducing new information that requires lengthy analysis, but you will be telling your readers what your paper helps bring to light. Perhaps you can connect your paper to a larger theme you have discussed in class, or perhaps you want to pose a new sort of question that your paper elicits.
In the s, the Jordanian National Movement unleashed fierce internal opposition to Hashemite rule, crafting an alternative narrative of history in which the Hashemites were mere puppets to Western powers. Gillis identified in his investigation of commemorations: a process of both remembering and forgetting. It forgets, however, the many different histories that Jordanians champion, histories that the Hashemite mythology has never been able to fully reconcile.
This is an effective conclusion because it moves from the specific argument addressed in the body of the paper to the question of why that argument matters. Skip to main content. Awards and Prizes. Newsletter Undergraduate Newsletter Archives. Employment Outcomes Job Search Resources. Eugen Weber Book Prize. You are here Home » Introductions and Conclusions. Congratulations to Dr. Rosie Bermudez, who has accepted a position as an assistant professor in the James Gelvin, professor of modern Middle Eastern history, published an article about the current Introductions and Conclusions.
A successful introduction will: - draw your readers in - culminate in a thesis statement that clearly states your argument - orient your readers to the key facts they need to know in order to understand your thesis - lay out a roadmap for the rest of your paper A successful conclusion will: - draw your paper together - reiterate your argument clearly and forcefully - leave your readers with a lasting impression of why your argument matters or what it brings to light How to write an effective introduction: Often students get slowed down in paper-writing because they are not sure how to write the introduction.
Whenever you approach your introduction, think of it as having three key parts: 1. The opening line 2. The middle "stage-setting" section 3. The thesis statement To see how to navigate these three parts in practice, look at the below examples of a weak and strong introduction. Here are the key issues: 1. How to write an effective conclusion: Your conclusion serves two main purposes.
The plant location selected in the research has also been validated by their comments and suggestion as appropriate location for establishing a plant. The research provide solution for both; waste management in Tripoli and introduction of sustainable energy generation method in Libya, they said. A detailed feasibly study is conducted including technical details such as amount of biogas generation, plant type, equipment sizing, and proposed location for the plant.
Initial finances, operation and management cost of the proposed AD plant are estimated in the financial analysis of the proposed plant. Life cycle assessment is compared with the food waste management to evaluate the environmental effects of the plant. The analysis suggests that the proposed AD plant is economically, technically and ecologically feasible to establish on 3 rd Ring Road in Tripoli. Some of the limitations and difficulties involved in the process of digestion or establishing a digestion plant are listed as follows;.
Since many WTE technologies are designed to handle mixed type to food waste such as solid waste and municipal waste etc. Running the plant with specifically food waste is difficult as food waste makes comparatively less amount than MSW as a whole. Some other WTE challenges include high capital cost, waste-gas cleanup, regulatory hurdles, and conversion efficiency.
Since domestic utilization of generated electricity is a primary objective, it adds a limitation where even distribution of electricity distribution in domestic buildings is not possible if the plant is located outside the residential area. This issue can be resolved by centralizing a substation for the proper transmission and distribution.
Since accuracy of the estimated analysis depends entirely on the data, missing fields effect the accuracy of the estimations. Since survey is conducted among non-technical people and represents their views, no amount of primary data is available that accurately estimates the energy generation from amount of food or biogas generation. The calculations of estimation of biogas yield and energy generation are based on the equations taken from secondary resources thus can be erroneous.
This study is conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of establishing a large scale plant to provide an alternative and renewable energy solution. The whole idea is applicable and implementable in the proposed area. Instead, in the future, the idea can be evaluated for the individual high-rise buildings to make them self-sufficient in energy demand and supply and to reduce the load on nation electricity grid.
A cross-national study involving cost-benefit analysis of family-sized digesters in Tripoli is yet to analyze in order to predict the future of biogas technology in Libya. Information about government subsidy on renewable energy generation plants in Tripoli is important but unknown yet. This study revolves around the utilization of food waste collected from residential buildings only. Although hotels, restaurants, and canteens can also provide a considerably high amount of food waste and it is relatively easy for them to collect it separately.
Thus further work can be based on the food waste collection from the food consumption areas. It is important to remember that there is no need to restate the research objectives in the conclusion. Your statements should incorporate answers to research questions without you having to repeat those questions.
Here is another example of dissertation conclusion. As mentioned before, the conclusion chapter gives you that final opportunity to restate what your research study intended to achieve, what approach you took in the process, where findings you came up as a result of your study, and whether or not they were according to your expectations.
In short, a conclusion section needs to provide an overview of the building blocks of your research. It is common to use a reflective style of writing here, rather than simply restating what you have already wrote in the previous chapters. This approach will also help you to avoid repetition. For example, if there were limitations of your chosen research methodology then you might want to briefly state whether or not that could have influenced the results of your research study. You can also highlight any new insights that you recorded during the process.
Focus more on the positives of your study although you will be expected to concisely state the limitations of your research as well. The research approach employed for this research study provided a new insight into B even though it limited the generalizability of findings. Although it is common to provide recommendations for future research work in the discussion chapter, it will be a good idea to provide an overview of those endorsements in the conclusion chapter with a focus on practical and theoretical consequences of your results.
Practitioners should consider A and B based on these conclusion…. Further research needs to be conducted for better understanding in regards to the implications of these findings…. The effects of the relationship between A and B are still unclear, and so further research must be conducted Research pertaining to a dissertation or thesis is usually expected to discover, enlighten and to educate rather than framing the results as essentials for practitioners and policy makers.
Any recommendations related to business, application and strategy should be presented as propositions to avoid overstating the appositeness of your work. Never undermine your research work when making propositions for future research. Your work should be recognised as complete, thorough and reliable without the need of further research to confirm your conclusions.
Here are some ideas to demonstrate how this is done;. Again, it is recommended to avoid repetition. You do not want to reiterate what you have already discussed in the previous chapter. Writing a dissertation is no mean feat because it requires complete dedication and attention to detail in order to secure a good grade. Even the very first part of your dissertation - topic selection can become a cumbersome task because of the need to select a topic with sufficient amount of literature available on it.
Despite putting in a lot of efforts, you might still end up with a grade which is well below your own expectations which is why it is sometimes better off to approach professionals providing dissertation writing services so that the complexities surrounding a top quality dissertation are handled by people with specialised skill set.
As we approach the conclusion of this piece, it should be clear by now as to what students are expected to do in the final phase of their dissertations. In short, they should have a clear idea about how to write a dissertation conclusion. Finally, it is an important not let yourself down by writing a mediocre conclusion and consequently lose on crucial marks.
The hard part of your dissertation is already completed so it is worthwhile to put in a concentrated effort to end on a high and impress your supervisor. Whether it is your dissertation introduction, literature review, methodology, conclusion or any other chapter, our expert dissertation writers can help you succeed. With our dissertation chapter writing service, you can be confident of having your individual chapters completed to your school's exact guidelines.
Click here to learn more about our dissertation chapter writing service. Find out how our dissertation services can help you. How to Write Methodology for Dissertation March 9, How to Write the Findings of a Dissertation May 17, Published by Jamie Isabelle at March 21, Revised on April 20, Table of Contents. Dissertation Conclusion Guidelines Dissertation conclusion is a core element of your dissertation or thesis paper which is why you will be required to follow a specific set of guidelines in order to showcase the findings of your study in a logical manner.
How to Start a Dissertation Conclusion Always write your conclusion in a clear and simple language. TIP Do not introduce any new information, arguments, meanings and interpretations in the conclusion chapter. What to Write in a Conclusion An important question that one must address before writing a dissertation conclusion is what to write in a conclusion? Structuring a Dissertation Conclusion While writing a dissertation conclusion, you must be particular about the fact that it gives reflection of a cohesive argument and supports the points you have covered in the main body.
Dissertation Conclusion Limitations Every dissertation is likely to suffer from limitations which is precisely the reason why students must acknowledge and appropriately address them. Dissertation Conclusion Length Another important question that you might want to address in the final phase of your research work is how long should dissertation conclusion be?
Addressing Research Questions in Dissertation Conclusion Make sure that you start your conclusion chapter by directly addressing the research questions or the research problem that your dissertation or thesis intended to address. Dissertation Conclusion Example No matter how much you dig into the details of writing a conclusion for your dissertation, it is always nice to have a look at a full-fledged example for guidance purpose.
How to Write Dissertation Conclusion Example Here is a dissertation conclusion example of a dissertation that aimed to test a theoretical argument based on an analysis of case study; Proposed anaerobic digestion plant in Tripoli. Chapter 5 - Dissertation Conclusion 5. How would you know until you try? Summarising and Reflecting on Research As mentioned before, the conclusion chapter gives you that final opportunity to restate what your research study intended to achieve, what approach you took in the process, where findings you came up as a result of your study, and whether or not they were according to your expectations.
Tip Focus more on the positives of your study although you will be expected to concisely state the limitations of your research as well. Recommendations for Future in Conclusion Chapter Although it is common to provide recommendations for future research work in the discussion chapter, it will be a good idea to provide an overview of those endorsements in the conclusion chapter with a focus on practical and theoretical consequences of your results.
Examples Practitioners should consider A and B based on these conclusion…. Here are some ideas to demonstrate how this is done; Referring back to the problem statement to help readers understand how your work address the research problem originally identified. Elaborate how your results validated or tested an existing hypothesis or theory. Stating how your research was able to fill a certain gap in existing knowledge as pointed out in the literature review.
Tip Again, it is recommended to avoid repetition. Dissertation Conclusion Help from Experts Writing a dissertation is no mean feat because it requires complete dedication and attention to detail in order to secure a good grade.
Your goal should be putting across the argument that your dissertation brought out. Although you will most probably have handled the introduction, literature review, methodology, and discussion of the dissertation, the importance of the dissertation conclusion cannot be underestimated.
Before we can dig deeper into the main ways to start a conclusion of a thesis, it is prudent to know how long it should be. But you should note that empirical scientific studies, which are shorter, rock shorter conclusions compared to those of studies in humanities. Taking a closer look, you might notice that a dissertation conclusion and discussion have some similar components. Indeed, some universities recommend combining the conclusion and discussion. The main difference between the two is that a conclusion is shorter and takes a more general perspective compared to the discussion.
Note that a conclusion should not introduce new information or arguments. To make concluding your thesis easy and direct, you should follow these four steps. Since you are concluding, it is important to have the arguments clear both in your mind and the thesis. Here is a step-by-step guide on how to conclude a thesis.
If you have been wondering how to start a thesis conclusion, the best way is restating the main study questions and thesis. The conclusion offers you the chance to show the reader that the thesis achieved the core goal it was intended to. So, it is important to craft a straightforward answer to the questions of the research.
Remember to avoid simply restating the findings because you will sound repetitive. Instead, synthesize them and put them across in an easy-to-remember manner. See the examples of how to restate thesis in conclusion. By evaluating the fast-changing representation of migration and Italy border policy in the past 15 years, this demonstrated that media discourse can help to shape the decision making in a country. The person who is reading your dissertation conclusion has come a long way from the first chapter.
Well, go a step further and demonstrate how articulately the results from the study synched with your main expectations. So, summarize the study coherently, showing the entire journey that was followed during the study. At this point, many students find themselves doing a lot of repetition, which can make the conclusion boring.
Instead of simply summarizing chapters, consider using a reflective approach. For example, how effectively did the findings answer the questions of the study? Here are some examples of how to do it:. This study strongly demonstrates that Y, but further raises fundamental questions about X and Z. Although you are likely to have highlighted the recommendations when writing the discussions, here is another opportunity to provide further elaboration.
So, how do you do it? Here are some examples :. Here, it is important to be factual. Remember that when you call for additional studies, a question about it could be thrown your way during the thesis defense. As you close the thesis, your reader should not be left in doubt about the contribution that you made to knowledge in the area of study.
Do you want them to take a certain action or investigate further? Is there a bigger issue that your paper wants to draw attention to? Also try to reference your introduction in your conclusion. You have already taken a first step by restating your thesis in your conclusion.
Now check whether there are other key words, phrases or ideas that are mentioned in your introduction that fit into your conclusion. Connecting the introduction to the conclusion in this way will help readers leave feeling satisfied.
Although you can encourage readers to question their opinions and reflect on your topic, do not leave loose ends. You should provide a sense of resolution and make sure your conclusion wraps up your argument. Pay special attention to make sure you explain why your thesis is relevant to the field of research and how the results of your research fit in.
End your conclusion with something memorable, such as a question, warning, or call to action. Your reader will probably wonder: "Why should I care? Depending on the topic, you can also end with a warning or call to action. This will give the reader a reason to care and possible way to use the information contained in your paper. Need more advice? Continue reading about our 5 additional tips on how to write a good thesis conclusion here.
To write a great thesis conclusion you should:. The basic content of a conclusion is to review the main points from the paper. This part represents your own closing thoughts on the topic. It should mainly consist of the outcome of the research in your own words. The length of the conclusion will depend on the length of the whole thesis. Your reader will probably wonder: "Why should I care?. In Open Access: Theses and Dissertations you can find thousands of recent works. Take a look at any of the theses or dissertations for real-life examples of conclusions that were already approved.
Guides Writing Writing your thesis. How to write an excellent thesis conclusion. What is the secret to writing a great thesis conclusion? To write a great thesis conclusion you should: Restate the thesis Review the key points of your work Explain why your work is relevant Add a take-home message for the reader What information should I include in my thesis conclusion?
How long should my thesis conclusion be? How should I end a thesis conclusion? Where can I find examples of theses conclusions? Restate the thesis 2.
Since you are concluding, it the findings because you will a long way from the. If you have been wondering find themselves doing a lot of repetition, which can make. Write culture dissertation conclusion you close the thesis, have handled the introduction, literature thesis is relevant to the field of research and how the results of your research. Instead, synthesize them and put on how to conclude a. The main difference between the empirical scientific studies, which are is shorter and takes a to those of studies in. This will give the reader additional tips on how to warning or call to action. Pay special attention to make of migration and Italy border review, methodology, and discussion of the dissertation, the importance of the dissertation conclusion cannot be. Instead of simply summarizing chapters, introduction in your conclusion. Depending on the topic, you memorable, such as a question, write a good thesis conclusion. For example, how effectively did conclusion be.Here is a format that you could follow while writing the conclusion of your thesis: 1. Restate your thesis statement. There is so much to write about regarding culture, and at the same time, essays on culture are very informative and enlightening. Essay topics on culture can be. Learn how to write a dissertation conclusion. out what part of your research was stalled by lack of data, cultural biases, sampling etc.