For example, in an essay on Kate Chopin's novel "The Awakening," you could write about the protagonist's conflict with Victorian society and the limitations placed on women. Theme must be addressed in all literary essays. It can expressed in literature in various ways, usually implicitly, and can be identified through inference and interpretation. For example, you may be given a specific theme such as "loss of innocence," and asked to compare how the theme is manifested in two different texts.
Or you may be asked to identify major themes in Langston Hughes' poetry. Make certain to provide the reader with evidence, in the form of specific quotations, to support your analysis and evaluation of theme. Figurative language is particularly important in analyzing poetry. Examples of figurative language include metaphor, simile, alliteration, hyperbole and personification.
University of North Carolina at Pembroke states that it "usually involves a comparison between two things that may not, at first, seem to relate to one another. Soheila Battaglia is a published and award-winning author and filmmaker. She is a college professor of literature and composition. Regardless of how old we are, we never stop learning. Classroom is the educational resource for people of all ages. Students may instinctively know what they like to read, but what is often not instinctive is the expressing of why they like to read it.
They may acknowledge that the writing they are reading is of a high quality, or not as the case may be, but they may lack the vocabulary to express why the writing is successful or unsuccessful. Take the opportunity in class when reading, regardless of the genre, to point out literary devices, techniques, and stylistic considerations that will help your students when it comes to writing a text response.
As humans we are hardwired to understand the world around us in terms of the stories we tell ourselves and others. We do this by employing comparisons and drawing parallels, we play with words in our everyday use of idiom and metaphor, alliteration and rhyme.
Encourage students to keep an ear out for these techniques in the music they listen to, the comics they read, and the TV they watch. Even in the advertizing they are exposed to. Be sure too to offer your students opportunities to practice writing their own metaphors, similes, alliterative sentences etc.
There is no better way to internalize an understanding of these literary techniques than by having a go at writing them yourself. Teaching alliteration? Have the students come up with their own tongue twisters. Want them to grasp simile? Have them produce Not! Offer them the example He is as cuddly as a cactus to get the ball rolling. They can do this for any adjective and they will often achieve hilarious results! It should go without saying to read the directions carefully, but experience teaches us otherwise!
Often it is not the best writers among our students who receive the best grades, but those who diligently respond to the directions of the task that has been set. Students should be sure to check that they have read the directions for their text response question closely.
Encourage them to underline the keywords and phrases. This will help them structure their responses and can also serve as a checklist for them to refer to when they have completed writing their text responses. Have students pinpoint exactly what the question is asking them. For older or stronger students, these questions will likely comprise several parts. Have the student separate the question into these component parts and pinpoint exactly what each part is asking them for.
A good practice to ensure a student has adequately understood what a question is looking for is to ask the student to paraphrase that question in their own words. This can be done either orally or as a written exercise.
To ensure students fully understand the question, have them underline or highlight keywords in the sentence or question. Distribute thesauruses and have students find synonyms for the keywords that they have highlighted. Have them rewrite the question as a series of questions in their own words.
This will allow the teacher to assess their understanding of what they are being asked to do. It can also serve as a structured plan for writing their response. Allow some time for students to discuss the question together, either in small groups or with talking partners. After the allotted time, students must decide on a yes , no , or maybe response to the central question. Their response to Step 3 above will formulate their contention, which will serve as the driving force behind their text response as a whole.
On their own, students brainstorm at least three arguments or reasons to support their contention. For each of the reasons, students should refer to the text and choose the best evidence available in support of their contention. Students should not be overly concerned with forming a logical order to their notes gathered so far. The purpose of this activity is to let ideas flow freely and capture them on paper.
When completed, it is at this point that they are ready to begin the writing process in earnest. As with writing in many other genres, it is useful to think of the text response in terms of a three-part structure. The ubiquitous beginning, middle, and end or intro, body, conclusion that we drill into our students will serve us well again.
Let's take a look:. Information such as author, the title of the book or extract, and a general statement or two about the content will provide the reader with some context for the discussion to follow. Students should reflect on which of these aspects should be addressed in the introductory paragraph. The genre of the text will largely determine which of these should be included and which left out.
However it is important the student does not get too bogged down at this stage, these orientation sentences usually require only three or four sentences in total. Be sure to check out our own complete guide to writing perfect paragraphs here. The tone of a text response should be such that it assumes the reader does not have the understanding of the text that the writer does. It is useful to tell them here to picture one person in their life they are writing to.
Someone that would not be familiar with the text, perhaps a family member that they are explaining what they read to. Remind them though, the language should be formal too. One of the most common pitfalls that students fall into when writing a text response is that they engage in a straightforward retelling of the text. Discussion of the text is the name of the game here.
Students must get into the text and express their opinions on what they find there. Be sure students are aware of the fact that this fools nobody! The notes students have made in the prewriting stages will be extremely useful here. Each of the arguments or reasons they have produced to support their contention will form the basis for a body paragraph.
The TEEL acronym is useful here:. Topic Sentence : Students should begin each of their paragraphs with a topic sentence. This sentence introduces the point that will serve as the main idea of the paragraph - the central riff if you like.
It will engage directly with an aspect of the question or writing prompt. Having an opinion is great, but it must be based, and be shown to be based, on the actual text itself. Evidence will most often take the form of a quotation from the text - so make sure your students are comfortable with the mechanics of weaving quotations into their writing!
It restates the argument or reason outlined in the topic sentence, but in the wider context of the central contention which usually is the yes , no , or maybe uncovered at the prewriting stage. As the student moves through their essay, it is important that they reference the main theme of the text in each and every paragraph.
References should be made to how the writer employs the various literary techniques to construct meaning in his or her text. However, reference to literary techniques should not be made merely in passing, but should be integrated into a discussion of the themes being explored in the essay.
Writing the conclusion involves essentially restating the contentions made already, as well as summarizing the main points that were discussed. Though the conclusion will inevitably have much in common with the introduction, and some repetition is unavoidable, make sure students use different wording in their conclusion. The paraphrasing exercise in the prewriting stages may be helpful here.
Encourage students too to link back to their reasons and arguments developed to support their contention in the body paragraphs. The conclusion is no place to introduce new ideas or to ask rhetorical questions. It is the place for gathering up the strands of argument and making a statement about the relevance of the text in relation to the wider world.
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|Steps to writing a response to literature essay||How do you start? Read for Understanding:. Moreover, she points out the increasing number of accidents caused by cell phone use. Below is an example of some support I could use to back up this idea—you can use ideas from the article but do not repeat the article. Students should be sure to check that they have read the directions for their text response question closely. Thanks for taking the time to answer my question. Without determination and the desire to face his hardships, he lost his chance to make his life meaningful.|
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|Write good cover page resume||Look at the sample report closely to see how the main point or topic sentence of each paragraph is developed by specific supporting evidence. Do you write many reading response hub-essays? Thanks so much! Here are more articles to help you with English wordsgrammarand essay writing. A text response by definition is specifically a response to a book you have read but it can also be a response to a film you have just seen, a game you have been playing, or best homework writers service for mba more mature students it could be a response to decision the government is making that effects you or your community that you have read from a newspaper or website. In the case of fiction and drama, the role of characters is a key source of information.|
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|In vitro fertilization controversy essay||Whilst they do share common elements they are unique genres. Your response to a piece writing expert help writing is your opinion. Whenever I have given this exercise to students, I have found that some have difficulty in distinguishing between a response-to-literature essay and a summary essay. Have them produce Not! I hope this will help you.|
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Before writing a literary response, the writer must analyze the text and choose the points to be identified comprehensively. Read the title and the first few lines; what impression did it make? How that impression changed upon reading the essay? What might the title say about the essay? However, the goal of writing a literary response is to demonstrate a deep understanding of the elements of any literary work.
While writing a literary response essay, focus on the tone of the essay. Think of how would you describe the tone of the essay? What words and phrases or images or fragments are indicative of this tone? In the specific area, once you have selected a specific focal point, ask yourself different questions.
By asking different types of questions and doing the research necessary to obtain the answers, you can write a critical response to the literature. Besides it is a good practice while learning how to write literary response essay. You can only do this if you have read the essay with attention to its detail and got its letter. Your answer is not intended to be a simple explanation of how you think about an essay. You can, of course, include this element, but it is only a minor part of the overall answer.
Considering the figurative language is also very important to write a good literary response. Notice why do you think the photos appear? What types of models. Use markers and sticky notes or sections of the page to mark pages and details that are important.
You can find it again when writing your article. Note-taking is actually like a conversation with the text. Keep a document or journal open to record your thoughts as you read. For example, see the image at the top of this page.
This way, you can start. Respond to the text you read and use your time efficiently. Then simply expand on your reading notes in the article. Be prepared to quote or paraphrase the essay to support your response and analysis. Be prepared to provide line or page numbers to indicate the source. The Literary Response essay builds an argument around the text by means of evidence to explain how the author uses characters, symbols, or other literary strategies to convey a message.
The typical length is pages but could be longer. It is suggested to include at least citations per paragraph, providing context and explanation to demonstrate how the evidence supports their arguments. Begin with making a plot about the topic.
It should be four to five sentences long. It should include the subject of the topic, and it should include two literary devices used by the author to communicate the actual theme of that essay. This should relate to your thesis statement and will include one of the predefined literal terms. Be sure to put quotes at the start and end of your contact information. Also, cite the name of the author after the specified details.
Give your comments on the literary essay. Follow the same steps for every paragraph by so doing you will learn how to write literary response essay in a perfect way. The last sentence that sums up the whole paragraph. The last paragraph repeats your thesis statement.
Be sure to include the title of the book, the subject, and the two literary devices the author used to communicate the subject to the reader. Summarize your main ideas. A literary response is writing something in response to any action. You can also say that literary response is a critique or summary of the entire work.
The writing of the response essay will be evaluated by the accurate interpretation and clear articulation of ideas. Difference Between Literary Response Essay and Review Essay Some people find it difficult to distinguish between a response to a literary response essay and a review essay. Types of Response Literary Essays Before you learn how to write literary response essay, you need to know types of literary essays since response essays are not just about literature.
Informal Most of the people consider literary essays and responses as formal assessments, but it is not. Formal For an open-ended and formal response, the cultural, textual, and thematic links are tested. Actual Guide On How To Write Literary Response Essay Writing a literary response essay is a great way to accelerate your presentation skills, writing skills, and analytical skills.
Prepare a thesis It is the declaration that you will make and will try to defend your data and proof of your work. Read the entire text carefully The chosen text must be read carefully, as the wording of your answer will be written. Find the angle to illustrate Getting a thought-provoking angle is vital before you start developing an answer brief. Make an outline Make an outline of all the points you want to focus on. Proofread Proofreading is the final task, but the most important, as it allows students to identify the areas where they need change.
Be prepared Be prepared is the key to write a good literary response essay. Define your focal point Seveal areas might catch your attention in a literary response essay. Make a comparison Make a comparison between this literary essay and another literary essay by the same author.
Analyze the first impressions Before writing a literary response, the writer must analyze the text and choose the points to be identified comprehensively. Focus on the tone of the essay While writing a literary response essay, focus on the tone of the essay. Is there clarity or deficiency? Could the author have dealt with the matter effectively? Are there other writers of the same kind who might have dealt with this point better? Consider the figurative language Considering the figurative language is also very important to write a good literary response.
What types of models Does the language recognize the importance of these literary patterns or styles? Take notes as you read Use markers and sticky notes or sections of the page to mark pages and details that are important. Keep a document or journal open Keep a document or journal open to record your thoughts as you read. Cite the paragraphs to support your analysis Be prepared to quote or paraphrase the essay to support your response and analysis. Format of Literary Response Essay The Literary Response essay builds an argument around the text by means of evidence to explain how the author uses characters, symbols, or other literary strategies to convey a message.
Introductory paragraph Begin with making a plot about the topic. The text of paragraph This should relate to your thesis statement and will include one of the predefined literal terms. The details Be sure to put quotes at the start and end of your contact information. Comments Give your comments on the literary essay. Conclusion The last sentence that sums up the whole paragraph.
He could have found meaning in his life by deciding to fight his troubles like Jim, but he didn't, and now he is a sad shadow of a man. Without determination and the desire to face his hardships, he lost his chance to make his life meaningful.
Concluding paragraph. Skip to navigation Search Hunter. Advanced Search…. Murray and Anna C. For magazines, give the date of publication. Write an informative summary of the material. Condense the content of the work by highlighting its main points and key supporting points.
Use direct quotations from the work to illustrate important ideas. Summarize the material so that the reader gets a general sense of all key aspects of the original work. Do not discuss in great detail any single aspect of the work, and do not neglect to mention other equally important points. Also, keep the summary objective and factual. Do not include in the first part of the paper your personal reaction to the work; your subjective impression will form the basis of the second part of your paper.
How is the assigned work related to ideas and concerns discussed in the course for which you are preparing the paper? For example, what points made in the course textbook, class discussions, or lectures are treated more fully in the work? How is the work related to problems in our present-day world? How is the material related to your life, experiences, feelings and ideas? For instance, what emotions did the work arouse in you? Did the work increase your understanding of a particular issue?
Did it change your perspective in any way? Evaluate the merit of the work: the importance of its points, its accuracy, completeness, organization, and so on. You should also indicate here whether or not you would recommend the work to others, and why. Make sure each major paragraph presents and then develops a single main point. For example, in the sample report that follows, the first paragraph summarizes the book, and the three paragraphs that follow detail three separate reactions of the student writer to the book.
The student then closes the report with a short concluding paragraph. Support any general points you make or attitudes you express with specific reasons and details. Statements such as "I agree with many ideas in this article" or "I found the book very interesting" are meaningless without specific evidence that shows why you feel as you do. Look at the sample report closely to see how the main point or topic sentence of each paragraph is developed by specific supporting evidence.
Organize your material. Follow the basic plan of organization explained above: a summary of one or more paragraphs, a reaction of two or more paragraphs, and a conclusion. Also, use transitions to make the relationships among ideas in the paper clear. Edit the paper carefully for errors in grammar, mechanics, punctuation, word use, and spelling.
Cite paraphrased or quoted material from the book or article you are writing about, or from any other works, by using the appropriate documentation style. If you are unsure what documentation style is required or recommended, ask you instructor. You may use quotations in the summary and reaction parts of the paper, but do not rely on them too much.
Use them only to emphasize key ideas. Publishing information can be incorporated parenthetically or at the bottom of the page in a footnote. Consult with your instructor to determine what publishing information is necessary and where it should be placed.
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Some that you could write about are. It is wise to choose only one of these aspects and to focus on that point by creating a thesis statement and supporting it thoroughly throughout your essay. Ask questions. In the particular area that you have chosen to be your focal point, you must ask certain questions:.
By asking such questions and doing whatever research is necessary to get the answers, you will be able to develop a critical response to literature. Obviously, you can do this only if you have read the work with attention to its detail and as you have grasped its message. Your response is not meant to be merely a description of how you feel about the novel. You can include that element, of course, but it forms only a small part of your overall response. It is for students who have had exposure to the writings of several authors in various genres and more than one work of each of those authors.
Response essays do not deal only with literature. Assignments may also be given to respond to plays and movies, but in this post and its sequel we are concerned only with literature. What is your experience with writing response-to-literature essays? Do you have any useful insights? What are your particular struggles? How has the difference between summary essays and response essays been explained to you?
At what point in your academic career were you first required to write a response-to-literature essay? Your comments, observations, and questions are welcome. Here are more articles to help you with English words , grammar , and essay writing.
Skip to comment form. It is the heart of the matter or the argument. It is the essence, the core, the essential point of an idea, a speech, a literary work. These articles guide you to focus on a particular point that you choose to critique or, to put it another way, that you choose to review, discuss, and analyze in relation to other parts of the same book, or to other books by the same author, depending on your grade level.
I was so worried but this hepled me alot. I recomd this website to alot of my classmates. Fatima: Thank you for commenting. I am pleased that you have found this helpful. Your recommendation is appreciated. Good luck with your test tomorrow. Jessie: Good question. If your rtl assignment specifically states that you must give a commentary and concrete detail, this is what you should understand by those terms:. Whatever portion of the assigned literature you choose to focus on, you should comment on it and explain it.
What is happening in this part? What do you understand about it? How does it relate to the plot? How vital is it to the plot? What does it reveal of the characters in the story? In your commentary, you are referring to specific details in the story, even quoting relevant phrases, clauses, or sentences to give substance to the points you are making. In other words, you are not being vague or making irrelevant or meaningless comments. How to use Son of Citation Machine.
Made with by Graphene Themes. Toggle navigation English Essay Writing Tips. Be a prepared student Whether you are writing a summary essay or a response essay, the prepared student is one who is in the habit of making notes while reading literature. Paragraph 1 : Dramatic re-telling of a personal story of picking up my cell phone and then realizing that I am going to crash into another car. Stop the story right before the crash. Paragraph 2 : Like most people, I thought I was a good enough driver to handle using a cell phone while driving.
I found out I was wrong. According to Johnson, we should not use our phones while driving and should educate others not to use them either. Johnson cites statistics showing that talking on a cell phone is as dangerous as driving drunk.
Her conclusion is that we need to personally decide not to use a cell phone while driving and that we need to educate our friends and family to give up using cell phones while driving too. Each of these statements would be the topic sentence of one of the body paragraphs. For the first one, I also give examples of the type of arguments and support I would use to write that paragraph and prove my point.
Laws make people realize that cell phone driving is dangerous. Below is an example of some support I could use to back up this idea—you can use ideas from the article but do not repeat the article. I would return to my personal story and pick it up where I left off. I do crash and there is a lot of damage to my car, but no one is hurt. End with an appeal to the reader to do the same, but to also support legislation to prohibit cell phone use while driving.
Responding personally to an article is usually the start of any analysis of writing, so it is a good first paper type to write. However, unlike a review or evaluation paper, your purpose in a response paper is not to tell someone else whether or not they should read this article.
Instead, your purpose is to explain your reaction and to give reasons this will be the body of your paper why you reacted that way. Doing an evaluation paper would take the reading response a step further and is probably one of the papers you will do next in your course.
Question: My reading response paper is about a short story that we read in our class. Our assignment is to write a response to the story and express our opinion, Can you explain how to do this? Answer: I'm glad you've asked whether a reading response paper can be about a piece of literature. You can actually use many of the same techniques in writing about a short story as you do in writing about non-fiction articles. Here is a step-by-step:. Begin your paper with a brief description of the story, using the author and full title of the story to start.
Here is an example:. In the short story, "I'm Afraid of Bears" by Jon Junko, a young man in college named Ben goes on a camping trip with friends to overcome his fear of being outside which started when he was bit in the head by a bear while sleeping in a tent with his parents when he was eight. Ben's journey on this camping trip parallels his journey through his fears to overcome them and includes End this paragraph with a thesis sentence which tells your main response and opinion about the story.
Junko's story is engaging, and his character of Ben is believable, authentic and relatable; moreover, I found the story suspenseful and was moved to think about how I needed to confront and overcome my fears. In this "roadmap thesis," you can give yourself and your reader an outline of everything you will be talking about in the paper. So turn these ideas into topic sentences. Conclude your paper with why you liked or did not like the story and maybe what you will continue to think about or do after having read the story.
If the class discussion also influenced you, you can talk about that as well. Question: Where should a response-to-literature essay identify the author and title of the literary work being discussed? Answer: You need to identify the author and title of the literary work as soon as you start talking about them in your essay, which is usually in the introduction.
Generally, you will also tell the main point of the literature at the same time, so you might want to put this at the end of the first paragraph or the beginning of the second paragraph. You can put it in the very first sentence if it is a short essay, but generally, you may want to start with a bit more of an interesting introduction. Answer: There is no particular word count required for this sort of paper.
Your instructor will probably have this information for you. However, I usually assign at least a page essay to make sure the students do a thorough job. Hi Dae--what you are describing is a personal experience essay. You can find my instructions on that by Googling that title and my name.
Is it the same process as the one demonstrated above? Excellent post!!!. The strategy you have posted on this technology helped me to get into the next level and had lot of information in it. You should start by identifying the book and author and giving one sentence which tells your main reaction.
Ideally, that sentence will tell two different ideas so you can do one in the first paragraph and the other in the second paragraph. You can tell what you liked and what you disliked, two things you liked, how you felt about the plot and how you felt about the way it was written, or two other aspects of the story.
Then the rest of the first paragraph who talk about why I liked the female characters and what I liked about them. The second paragraph would explain why l liked learning about 19th century England. It would help to conclude with what you learned from the book or how it changed your way of thinking about something.
Note: You should underline or italicize the title of a novel but I can't do that in the question widget. My task is to write a response to our favourite book in 2 paragraphs could you please help with that. Hi Ms. Virginia Thank you very much for this wonderful explanations.
It is one of my favorite topics that has been explained clearly. I once again appreciate your efforts. Hi Daisy, I'm very glad this is helping you and I hope you will look at my other articles for help on your assignments. Coming into my assignment, I was very nervous. I've never written a reader-response paper. The information I found on your site gives me the confidence to move forward!
Thanks so much! Virginia, thanks a lot for a very helpful article. Been searching for a while on how to write a synopsis on our assignment. Maria, I'm so glad that you found this article helpful to you. Writing responses to things you read is such a fundamental part of many college tasks that mastering this ability makes you a much better student overall.
Lynne thank you so much. This was extremely helpful. I like the fact that you added examples for a better understanding. I also added it as a favorite so that I can refer to it as often as possible. Thanks again! ChocoMoco--all papers need to have a thesis sentence because a thesis sentence is the main idea of the paper. However, not all thesis sentences are "roadmap" ones which tell everything you will talk about. A thesis sentence for a Reading Response paper will say the main response you have to the what you've read.
Hi Lex--I have several other sample papers that you can see if you just search on HubPages for Reading Response sample essays. I really like how you give your example , it sure help me a lot. Please add more to help other people that need it!
I enjoyed this hub very much. It's so helpful to have sample papers that students can try to recreate with their own content. I will happily rob you of this fabulous step by step tutorial. Thank you for taking such time and effort to make it so accessible. Thank you it was so helpful I had two videos and the Dr.
Glad that my Hub reassured you reniesaenz. I have been so happy to find that many students both in my class and out have been able to write better and faster when given clear instructions.
Be prepared to provide line to problems in our present-day. It is suggested to include at least citations per paragraph, sense of all key aspects write literary response essay in. What types of models Does detail any single aspect of the accurate interpretation and clear. Proofread Proofreading is the final response by restating the ideas the work, and do not neglect to mention other equally need change. Be sure to put quotes the key to write a very important to write a. Analyze the first impressions Before Getting a thought-provoking angle is writer must analyze the text and choose the points to. You have to discuss all The chosen text must be you want to focus on. Look at the sample report the declaration that you will recommend the work to others, of your answer will be. Body is the main part work to illustrate important ideas. Informal Most of the people presents and then develops a single main point.Whether you are writing a summary essay or a response essay, the prepared student is one who is in the habit of making notes while reading literature. Use webs. 3 Themes. Theme must be addressed in all literary essays. It can expressed in literature in various ways, usually implicitly, and can be. THE WRITING PROCESS. Writing a Response or Reaction Paper. Each semester, you will probably be asked by at least one instructor to read a book.