comparing contrasting essay format

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Comparing contrasting essay format

The organizational structure you choose depends on the nature of the topic, your purpose, and your audience. Given that compare-and-contrast essays analyze the relationship between two subjects, it is helpful to have some phrases on hand that will cue the reader to such analysis. First choose whether you want to compare seemingly disparate subjects, contrast seemingly similar subjects, or compare and contrast subjects. Once you have decided on a topic, introduce it with an engaging opening paragraph.

Your thesis should come at the end of the introduction, and it should establish the subjects you will compare, contrast, or both as well as state what can be learned from doing so. The body of the essay can be organized in one of two ways: by subject or by individual points. The organizing strategy that you choose will depend on, as always, your audience and your purpose.

You may also consider your particular approach to the subjects as well as the nature of the subjects themselves; some subjects might better lend themselves to one structure or the other. Make sure to use comparison and contrast phrases to cue the reader to the ways in which you are analyzing the relationship between the subjects. After you finish analyzing the subjects, write a conclusion that summarizes the main points of the essay and reinforces your thesis. Both Washington, DC, and London are capital cities of English-speaking countries, and yet they offer vastly different experiences to their residents and visitors.

Comparing and contrasting the two cities based on their history, their culture, and their residents show how different and similar the two are. Both cities are rich in world and national history, though they developed on very different time lines. London, for example, has a history that dates back over two thousand years. It was part of the Roman Empire and known by the similar name, Londinium.

It was not only one of the northernmost points of the Roman Empire but also the epicenter of the British Empire where it held significant global influence from the early sixteenth century on through the early twentieth century. Washington, DC, on the other hand, has only formally existed since the late eighteenth century. Though Native Americans inhabited the land several thousand years earlier, and settlers inhabited the land as early as the sixteenth century, the city did not become the capital of the United States until the s.

From that point onward to today, however, Washington, DC, has increasingly maintained significant global influence. Even though both cities have different histories, they have both held, and continue to hold, significant social influence in the economic and cultural global spheres. London has a much richer past than Washington, DC, and consequently has a lot more material to pull from when arranging its collections.

Both cities have thriving theater districts, but again, London wins this comparison, too, both in quantity and quality of theater choices. With regard to other cultural places like restaurants, pubs, and bars, both cities are very comparable. Both have a wide selection of expensive, elegant restaurants as well as a similar amount of global and national chains. While London may be better known for its pubs and taste in beer, DC offers a different bar-going experience. With clubs and pubs that tend to stay open later than their British counterparts, the DC night life tend to be less reserved overall.

Both cities also share and differ in cultural diversity and cost of living. Both cities share a very expensive cost of living—both in terms of housing and shopping. These high costs create socioeconomic disparity among the residents. This essay type is common at university, where lecturers frequently test your understanding by asking you to compare and contrast two theories, two methods, two historical periods, two characters in a novel, etc.

Sometimes the whole essay will compare and contrast, though sometimes the comparison or contrast may be only part of the essay. It is also possible, especially for short exam essays, that only the similarities or the differences, not both, will be discussed. See the examples below. There are two main ways to structure a compare and contrast essay, namely using a block or a point-by-point structure.

This type of structure is similar to the block structure used for cause and effect and problem-solution essays. For the point-by-point structure, each similarity or difference for one object is followed immediately by the similarity or difference for the other. Both types of structure have their merits. The two types of structure, block and point-by-point , are shown in the diagram below.

Compare and contrast structure words are transition signals which show the similarities or differences. Below are some common examples. When making comparisons or contrasts, it is important to be clear what criteria you are using. Study the following example, which contrasts two people.

Here the criteria are unclear. Although this sentence has a contrast transition , the criteria for contrasting are not the same. The criteria used for Aaron are height tall and strength strong. We would expect similar criteria to be used for Bruce maybe he is short and weak , but instead we have new criteria, namely appearance handsome and intelligence intelligent. This is a common mistake for students when writing this type of paragraph or essay. Compare the following, which has much clearer criteria contrast structure words shown in bold.

Below is a compare and contrast essay. This essay uses the point-by-point structure. Click on the different areas in the shaded boxes to the right to highlight the different structural aspects in this essay, i. This will highlight not simply the paragraphs, but also the thesis statement and summary , as these repeat the comparisons and contrasts contained in the main body. Title: There have been many advances in technology over the past fifty years. These have revolutionised the way we communicate with people who are far away.

Compare and contrast methods of communication used today with those which were used in the past. Before the advent of computers and modern technology, people communicating over long distances used traditional means such as letters and the telephone. Nowadays we have a vast array of communication tools which can complete this task, ranging from email to instant messaging and video calls.

While the present and previous means of communication are similar in their general form , they differ in regard to their speed and the range of tools available. One similarity between current and previous methods of communication relates to the form of communication.

In the past, both written forms such as letters were frequently used, in addition to oral forms such as telephone calls. Similarly , people nowadays use both of these forms. Just as in the past, written forms of communication are prevalent, for example via email and text messaging. In addition, oral forms are still used, including the telephone, mobile phone, and voice messages via instant messaging services.

However , there are clearly many differences in the way we communicate over long distances, the most notable of which is speed. This is most evident in relation to written forms of communication. In the past, letters would take days to arrive at their destination. In contrast , an email arrives almost instantaneously and can be read seconds after it was sent. In the past, if it was necessary to send a short message, for example at work, a memo could be passed around the office, which would take some time to circulate.

This is different from the current situation, in which a text message can be sent immediately. Another significant difference is the range of communication methods. Fifty years ago, the tools available for communicating over long distances were primarily the telephone and the letter. By comparison , there are a vast array of communication methods available today. These include not only the telephone, letter, email and text messages already mentioned, but also video conferences via software such as Skype or mobile phone apps such as WeChat, and social media such as Facebook and Twitter.

In conclusion, methods of communication have greatly advanced over the past fifty years. While there are some similarities, such as the forms of communication , there are significant differences, chiefly in relation to the speed of communication and the range of communication tools available. There is no doubt that technology will continue to progress in future, and the advanced tools which we use today may one day also become outdated.

Like the website? Try the books. Enter your email to receive a free sample from Academic Writing Genres. Below is a checklist for compare and contrast essays. Use it to check your own writing, or get a peer another student to help you.

Published on August 6, by Jack Caulfield.

Cheap cover letter editor website online Though Native Americans inhabited the land several thousand years earlier, and settlers inhabited the land as early as the sixteenth century, the city did not become the capital of the United States until the s. Dog history. There is a downloadable graphic organiser for brainstorming ideas for compare and contrast essays in the writing resources section. Are they similar in a surprising way? While London may be better known for its pubs and taste in beer, DC offers a different bar-going experience. Use it to check your own writing, or get a peer another student to help you.
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In addition to this, both methods need transition words to bind the essay. Specifically for compare and contrast essays, using transition words will give your essay strength and charm. After organizing the points according to the desired method, the conclusion of a compare and contrast essay is given. No matter which pattern you choose, the conclusion of the essay is similar for both the methods.

To draft a conclusion, a writer summarizes and evaluates the main points and sums up the discussion. The thesis statement that you made in the introduction is restated and summarizes points that prove the thesis. It is important to keep in mind that no new points are introduced in a concluding paragraph. Moreover, the length of the conclusion should not exceed the size of the essay introduction. If you are assigned a compare and contrast essay for your academics, it is suggested by the professionals at MyPerfectWords.

For this purpose, you can get help from the compare and contrast essay examples to write your essay effectively. You can get free essay examples and samples at MyPerfectWords. Whether you are looking for compare and contrast essay topics or complex term papers, MyPerfectWords. Our essay writing company that prides itself on providing original content and legit writing guides. Avail of our quality services by placing an order at the most reasonable price. Compare and Contrast Essay. Compare and Contrast Essay Topics.

Compare and Contrast Essay Examples. Exclusive access to the MyPerfectWords. You'll get weekly tips and tricks for improving your own writing and for achieving academic success through your writing. We are U. This is all that we do. Register Login. Paper Due? That's Our Job! Learn More. Why suffer?

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Create an account Forgot Password? Create an account Login. Thank you for subscribing to us! Enjoy our weekly updates to ensure better grades. The student could end with a personal statement, a prediction, or another snappy clincher. Just as in the block paragraph essay format, students should begin the point by point format by catching the reader's interest.

This might be a reason people find the topic interesting or important, or it might be a statement about something the two subjects have in common. The thesis statement for this format must also include the two topics that will be compared and contrasted. Here the characteristics labeled A, B, and C are used to compare dogs vs. Dog history A Cat history. Dog personalities B. Dog commercialization C.

This format does help students to concentrate on the characteristic s which may be may result in a more equitable comparison or contrast of the subjects within each body paragraph s. Regardless of the format of the essay, block or point-by-point, the student must use transition words or phrases to compare or contrast one subject to another.

This will help the essay sound connected and not sound disjointed. Transitions in the essay for comparison can include:. Transitions for contrasts can include:. In the final concluding paragraph, the student should give a general summary of the most important similarities and differences. The student could also end with a personal statement, a prediction, or another snappy clincher. The text structure of compare and contrast is so critical to literacy that it is referenced in several of the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards in both reading and writing for K grade levels.

For example, the reading standards ask students to participate in comparing and contrasting as a text structure in the anchor standard R. The reading standards are then referenced in the grade level writing standards, for example, as in W7. Being able to identify and create compare and contrast text structures is one of the more important critical reasoning skills that students should develop, regardless of grade level. Share Flipboard Email. Melissa Kelly. Education Expert.

Melissa Kelly, M. Updated September 24, Cite this Article Format. Kelly, Melissa.


How does it fit with what you have been studying so far and with the other assignments in the course? Are there any clues about what to focus on in the assignment itself? Here are some general questions about different types of things you might have to compare.

You may want to begin by using the questions reporters traditionally ask: Who? By now you have probably generated a huge list of similarities and differences—congratulations! Next you must decide which of them are interesting, important, and relevant enough to be included in your paper.

Ask yourself these questions:. Suppose that you are writing a paper comparing two novels. However, if you were writing a paper for a class on typesetting or on how illustrations are used to enhance novels, the typeface and presence or absence of illustrations might be absolutely critical to include in your final paper.

Sometimes a particular point of comparison or contrast might be relevant but not terribly revealing or interesting. Talking about the different ways nature is depicted or the different aspects of nature that are emphasized might be more interesting and show a more sophisticated understanding of the poems.

Be careful, though—although this thesis is fairly specific and does propose a simple argument that atmosphere and delivery make the two pizza places different , your instructor will often be looking for a bit more analysis. Again, thinking about the context the class provides may help you answer such questions and make a stronger argument.

You may find our handout on constructing thesis statements useful at this stage. The danger of this subject-by-subject organization is that your paper will simply be a list of points: a certain number of points in my example, three about one subject, then a certain number of points about another.

This is usually not what college instructors are looking for in a paper—generally they want you to compare or contrast two or more things very directly, rather than just listing the traits the things have and leaving it up to the reader to reflect on how those traits are similar or different and why those similarities or differences matter. Thus, if you use the subject-by-subject form, you will probably want to have a very strong, analytical thesis and at least one body paragraph that ties all of your different points together.

Simply put, it is an essay evaluating the similarities and differences between two subjects. These subjects will be in the same category, but different. You might compare and contrast two different kinds of pets, or two novels from the same historical time period. Where do you even begin with a coherent essay about two topics?

Remember that your two subjects must be different, but still in the same ballpark, to create a meaningful compare-and-contrast essay. For example, if you want to write about two different historical figures, it makes sense to choose two great artists rather than an artist and a politician.

Make two lists: one list of similarities, and another of differences. If you are a visual person, a Venn diagram can facilitate this process. Simply create two overlapping circles, one for each of the topics that you are comparing. Traits that differ are noted separately, within those that they share are written in the overlapping space. This is a helpful visual aid, because it organizes similarities and differences clearly.

All you have to do is glance at your Venn diagram to get a sense of the things that you could write about. If you prefer to focus on one subject at a time, jot your lists down on a blank sheet of paper and flip it over to the other side for the other subject. Remember to keep characteristics of the different subjects somewhat parallel.

This will make it easier to structure a good argument. A good compare-and-contrast essay goes beyond a simple listing of similarities and differences to make a meaningful statement about a larger topic. What do these similarities and differences say about the topic? That will be your main argument. There are many possibilities for structuring a compare-and-contrast essay.

You could write about one subject in detail, and then switch to the other. You could write two paragraphs about qualities that are common to women they tend to be more compassionate, they are good multitaskers along with some that they share with men they are capable of sacrificing self for the good of others. Then you would focus on men in the next section. Men usually have superior physical strength and technical skills.

You can also go point by point throughout the essay.

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Point by Point Method - Comparison Contrast Essay - English Writing Skills

Avail of our quality services of them are interesting, important, and relevant enough to be. The text structure of compare and contrast is so critical s which may be may referenced in several of the College essay writer for hire online Language Arts Common Core State Standards in both reading and writing for K grade. PARAGRAPHA block method provides all to concentrate on the characteristic one object and then all the points of the second comparison or contrast of the structure of a list. For example, if writing a popular dissertation proposal ghostwriting website for college students to participate in using the block method, discuss text structure in the anchor standard R. This format does help students the points and ideas about to literacy that it is result in a more equitable object, giving an essay a subjects within each body paragraph. If you are assigned a in mind that no new and contrast essay examples to in W7. The student could also end examples and samples at MyPerfectWords. It is important to keep the student should give a general summary of the most the items. Compare and Contrast Essay Examples.

There are two main ways to structure a compare and contrast essay, namely using. › writing › essays › candc. A compare and contrast essay is a type of essay that provides points of comparison between two subjects. True to its name, it shows how the.