armenian genocide argumentative essay

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Armenian genocide argumentative essay define frontier thesis

Armenian genocide argumentative essay

Afterwards in , when the genocide truly began, the Van Rebellion and suspected collaboration with the Russian Ottomans signaled the deportation of Armenians to Iraq. While the Armenians were in Iraq, the Turks organized killings and death by privation, a state in which essential aspects of life such as food and warmth are lacking Cooper and Akcam par. Within months of their arrival, the nearby Tigris and Euphrates rivers were filled with bodies of Armenians; dysentery and other diseases became prevalent due to the pollution of this important water source.

Others who did not die or become ill due to the contaminated water water suffered through concentration camps established by the Turks Cohan par. Some eyewitnesses recount church burnings, mass drownings, beatings, rapes, and mutilation. I want some bread. Mama, I am thirsty. This incident described by Saliban has a strong correlation to what Elie Wiesel describe in the novel Night when the Nazis first arrived in his village.

Though there were individual survivors, by the end of that period, the Armenian community in Anatolia had been essentially destroyed. Not only were Armenians killed, but surviving elements of their cultural heritage, including churches and works of art, were either obliterated or incorporated into the dominant culture—which now claimed that they were of Muslim or Turkish provenance.

These events constitute what has come to be known as the Armenian Genocide. Ever since, the Turkish state has denied that the Armenians were victims of genocide. The official argument has been that massacres occurred on both sides during the First World War, and that, to the extent that Armenians were targets of Turkish or Muslim violence, this was due to Armenian provocations and not to a policy of genocide.

Further, these Armenians aspired to carve out an independent Armenia in eastern Anatolia, and this, according to the thesis, would spell the demise of Turkey. Armenians therefore had to be eliminated in order that Turkey might survive. What Turkish deniers leave out is any discussion of independent Turkish nationalist motivations or of policies that included the destruction of Christian minorities in the empire. Even before the war, the Young Turks had advocated for the creation of a homogeneous Turkish and Muslim society from the multicultural mosaic of the Ottoman Empire.

They felt that only a unified state could defend itself against the European Great Powers, and especially from the Russians, who in their view wanted to destroy Turkey. The Armenians living in eastern Anatolia could claim to be the original inhabitants of the area, preceding the Turkish invasion and settlement by centuries.

They clung to their culture, language, and religion, and were unlikely to assimilate and become Muslim and Turkish. Moreover, the Armenian peasant masses were concentrated in regions of eastern Anatolia that bordered Russia. The Young Turks argued that, were there to be a Russian invasion, Armenians would support the enemy.

The history of the Armenian Genocide, like that of the Holocaust, and like all history, creates puzzles that seem never to be completely resolved.

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The Young Turks - an officers' movement that had seized power in - launched a series of measures against Armenians as the Ottoman Empire was crumbling through military defeats in the war. Turkish propaganda at the time presented the Armenians as saboteurs and a pro-Russian "fifth column".

Armenians mark the date 24 April as the start of what they regard as the genocide. That was when the Ottoman government arrested about Armenian intellectuals and community leaders. They were later executed. Armenians in the Ottoman army were disarmed and killed.

Armenian property was confiscated. Several senior Ottoman officials were put on trial in Turkey in in connection with the atrocities. A local governor, Mehmed Kemal, was found guilty and hanged for the mass killing of Armenians in the central Anatolian district of Yozgat. The Young Turks' top triumvirate - the "Three Pashas" - had already fled abroad. They were sentenced to death in absentia.

Historians have questioned the judicial procedures at these trials, the quality of the evidence presented and the degree to which the Turkish authorities may have wished to appease the victorious Allies. Argentina, Brazil, Belgium, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal, Russia and Uruguay are among the more than 20 other countries which have formally recognised genocide against the Armenians. In some cases the recognition has come in parliament resolutions, not from governments.

Among the most significant was that of the US Congress in US governments had held back for decades, partly because Turkey is the second-biggest military power in Nato and strategically vital for the West. The US hosts the largest Armenian diaspora after Russia, estimated at more than a million.

Turkey reacted angrily after Pope Francis called it "the first genocide of the 20th Century" in the run-up to the centenary commemorations. Turkey recalled its Vatican ambassador and accused the Pope of having "discriminated about people's suffering".

The Pope "overlooked atrocities that Turks and Muslims suffered in World War One and only highlighted the Christian suffering, especially that of the Armenian people", the Turkish foreign ministry said. France has a large Armenian diaspora and since it has officially commemorated "the Armenian genocide" on 24 April, including a ceremony at a Paris monument. The killings are regarded as the seminal event of modern Armenian history, binding the diaspora together.

Armenians are one of the world's most dispersed peoples. In Turkey, public debate on the issue has been stifled. Article of the penal code, on "insulting Turkishness", has been used to prosecute prominent writers who highlight the mass killings of Armenians. A teenage ultra-nationalist, Ogun Samast, was jailed for nearly 23 years in July for murdering Dink, a Turkish-Armenian who edited a bilingual newspaper. And in March two Turkish ex-police chiefs were jailed for life over the murder of Dink.

The European Union has said Turkish acceptance of the Armenian genocide is not a condition for Turkey's entry into the bloc. Yes - they have no official diplomatic ties. After decades of hostility there was a slight thaw, but since there has been no real rapprochement. In a six-week war over Nagorno-Karabakh aggravated Armenian-Turkish tension.

Turkey backed Azerbaijan over Nagorno-Karabakh, a territory inside Azerbaijan held by ethnic Armenians since a war in the s. Azerbaijan made big territorial gains and pushed Armenian forces out of adjacent areas. Weeks before the outbreak of fighting in September Turkey had held large-scale military exercises with Azerbaijan.

Why did Armenia and Azerbaijan go to war? Turkey retaliates for French bill. Turkey's Armenian dilemma. Europe diary: Historical guilt. The highest level of discrimination ever demonstrated is genocide. These discriminatory acts toward the Armenians first arose after the First Balkan War of tore Europe apart and broke the bonds between previously united countries Cooper and Akcam par. Afterwards in , when the genocide truly began, the Van Rebellion and suspected collaboration with the Russian Ottomans signaled the deportation of Armenians to Iraq.

While the Armenians were in Iraq, the Turks organized killings and death by privation, a state in which essential aspects of life such as food and warmth are lacking Cooper and Akcam par. Within months of their arrival, the nearby Tigris and Euphrates rivers were filled with bodies of Armenians; dysentery and other diseases became prevalent due to the pollution of this important water source.

Others who did not die or become ill due to the contaminated water water suffered through concentration camps established by the Turks Cohan par. Some eyewitnesses recount church burnings, mass drownings, beatings, rapes, and mutilation. I want some bread.

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