Here, we show you how to write a PhD proposal that will stand out from the hundreds of others that are submitted each day. Your proposal is a guide, not a contract. It is a plan for your research that is necessarily flexible. This means that the proposal is less about the robustness of your proposed research design and more about showing that you have. Appropriate methods. This shows that you can link your understanding of the literature, research design and theory.
Your PhD proposal is submitted as part of your application to a PhD program. It is a standard means of assessing your potential as a doctoral researcher. It is used by potential supervisors and department admission tutors to assess the quality and originality of your research ideas, how good you are at critical thinking and how feasible your proposed study is.
This means that it needs to showcase your expertise and your knowledge of the existing field and how your research contributes to it. Above all though, it is about showcasing your passion for your discipline. A PhD is a hard, long journey. The admissions tutor want to know that you have both the skills and the resilience required.
Exactly what needs to be included when you write your PhD proposal will vary from university to university. In the first few paragraphs of your proposal, you need to clearly and concisely state your research questions, the gap in the literature your study will address, the significance of your research and the contribution that the study makes. Be as clear and concise as you can be.
The justification comes later. In this section, you discuss the existing literature and the gaps that exist within it. The goal here is to show that you understand the existing literature in your field, what the gaps are and how your proposed study will address them.
Instead, they want to see that you know the following:. Once you have laid out the context, you will be in a position to make your thesis statement. A thesis statement is a sentence that summarises your argument to the reader.
Remember, the emphasis in the PhD proposal is on what you intend to do, not on results. That means that your thesis statement will be speculative, rather than a statement of fact. For more on how to construct thesis statements, read this excellent guide from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill who, incidentally, run a great academic writing blog you should definitely visit.
This is the section in which you discuss the overall research design and is the most important component of the proposal. The emphasis here is on five things. The overall approach taken is it purely theoretical, or does it involve primary or empirical research? Why you have chosen this approach over others and what implications this choice has for your methods and the robustness of the study.
In the previous section you outlined the context. In this section you explain the specific detail of what your research will look like. You take the brief research design statements you made in the introduction and go into much more detail. You need to be relating your design decisions back to the literature and context discussion in the previous section.
The emphasis here is on showing that there is a logical flow. Some of the detail here will only become clear once you have started the actual research. The emphasis in your proposal should be on showing that you understand what goes into a PhD.
For example, when talking about your methodology, keep things deliberately broad and focus on the overarching strategy. Instead, just state the types of people you will interview for example: local politicians, or athletes, or academics in the UK, and so on. There are a number of key elements to a proposal that you will need to put in the final paragraphs. Proposed month-by-month timetable this can also be an appendix.
The purpose of this timetable is to show that you understand every stage required and how long each stage takes relative to others. Each week we send a short, thought-provoking email that will make you think differently about what it means to be a PhD student. Each is designed to be read in thirty seconds and thought about all day.
When you are making your design decisions in section three, you need to do so critically. Critical thinking is a key requirement of entry onto a PhD programme. In brief, it means not taking things at face value and questioning what you read or do. You can read our guide to being critical for help it focuses on the literature review, but the take home points are the same.
This is something that many people get wrong. You need to ease the reader in gradually. Present a brief, clear statement in the introduction and then gradually introduce more information as the pages roll on. In section one, you present the headlines in the introductory paragraphs. These are the research questions, aims, objectives, contribution and problem statement. State these without context or explanation.
When discussing the research context in section two, you provide a little more background. The goal here is to introduce the reader to the literature and highlight the gaps. When describing the approach you will take, you present more detailed information. The goal here is to talk in very precise terms about how your research will address these gaps, the implications of these choices and your expected findings. A good proposal is one that is very focused and that describes research that is very feasible.
Describe your research as clearly as possible in the opening couple of paragraphs. Then write in short, clear sentences. Avoid using complex sentences where possible. If you need to introduce technical terminology, clearly define things. A lot of students fail to do this. You can work with them to refine your proposal. Be careful though. Their input should be focused on refining your ideas, not helping you come up with them. Admissions tutors can spot when you have submitted a one-size-fits-all proposal.
Try and tailor it to the individual department. You can do this by talking about how you will contribute to the department and why you have chosen to apply there. Often the act of writing is enough for us to brainstorm new ideas and relate existing ideas to one another. Learn everything your supervisor should have taught you about planning and completing a PhD. They are the smaller proof points that will underpin your research's purpose.
Be logical in the order of how you present these so that each succeeds the previous, i. A concise summary of what your research is about. It outlines the key aspects of what you will investigate as well as the expected outcomes. It briefly covers the what, why and how of your research. A good way to evaluate if you have written a strong synopsis, is to get somebody to read it without reading the rest of your research proposal.
Would they know what your research is about? Now that you have your question clarified, it is time to explain the why. Here, you need to demonstrate an understanding of the current research climate in your area of interest. Providing context around your research topic through a literature review will show the assessor that you understand current dialogue around your research, and what is published.
Demonstrate you have a strong understanding of the key topics, significant studies and notable researchers in your area of research and how these have contributed to the current landscape. Draw links between your research and the faculty or school you are applying at, and explain why you have chosen your supervisor, and what research have they or their school done to reinforce and support your own work.
Cite these reasons to demonstrate how your research will benefit and contribute to the current body of knowledge. Provide an overview of the methodology and techniques you will use to conduct your research. Cover what materials and equipment you will use, what theoretical frameworks will you draw on, and how will you collect data. Highlight why you have chosen this particular methodology, but also why others may not have been as suitable.
You need to demonstrate that you have put thought into your approach and why it's the most appropriate way to carry out your research. It should also highlight potential limitations you anticipate, feasibility within time and other constraints, ethical considerations and how you will address these, as well as general resources.
A work plan is a critical component of your research proposal because it indicates the feasibility of completion within the timeframe and supports you in achieving your objectives throughout your degree. Consider the milestones you aim to achieve at each stage of your research. A PhD or master's degree by research can take two to four years of full-time study to complete. It might be helpful to offer year one in detail and the following years in broader terms.
Ultimately you have to show that your research is likely to be both original and finished — and that you understand the time involved. Provide details of the resources you will need to carry out your research project. Consider equipment, fieldwork expenses, travel and a proposed budget, to indicate how realistic your research proposal is in terms of financial requirements and whether any adjustments are needed.
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Home Study How to apply Postgraduate research How to write a research proposal. University home. Current students. Staff intranet. Type to search. All content. A guide to preparing a strong research proposal. Applying for a PhD or research master's degree and not sure where to start with your research proposal? Follow our guide. What is a research proposal?
What it shouldn't do is answer the question — that's what your research will do. Why is it important? Which means you need to provide details on how you will go about your research, including: your approach and methodology timeline and feasibility all other considerations needed to progress your research, such as resources. How long should it be? What should it include?
Project title. Your title should clearly indicate what your proposed research is about. Research supervisor. Proposed mode of research.
A research proposal is a supporting document that may be required when applying to a research degree. It also outlines your research in terms of your aims, methods and proposed timetable. Some universities will specify a word count all students will need to adhere to.
You will typically find these in the description of the PhD listing. If not, aim for to words 3 to 7 pages. Your title should indicate clearly what your research question is. Directly below your title, state the topic your research question relates to. Whether you include this information at the top of your proposal or insert a dedicated title page is your choice and will come down to personal preference.
If your research proposal is over words, consider providing an abstract. Only include crucial information in this section — words should be sufficient to get across your main points. First, specify which subject area your research problem falls in.
This will help set the context of your study and will help the reader anticipate the direction of your proposed research. Following this, include a literature review. A literature review summarises the existing knowledge which surrounds your research topic. This should include a discussion of the theories, models and bodies of text which directly relate to your research problem.
In other words, identify what the current gaps in knowledge are and discuss how this will influence your research. Your aim here is to convince the potential supervisor and funding providers of why your intended research is worth investing time and money into. Identify the aims and objectives of your research. The aims are the problems your project intends to solve; the objectives are the measurable steps and outcomes required to achieve the aim.
In outlining your aims and objectives, you will need to explain why your proposed research is worth exploring. Consider these aspects:. Outline the various stages of your research project and provide an approximate timeline for each stage.
This should include key milestones such as your literature review, collecting and analysing data, writing up your thesis and sitting your viva. You could summarise your research plan as a Gantt chart similar to the below:. Plagiarism is taken seriously across all academic levels, but even more so for doctorates.
Therefore, ensure you reference the existing literature you have used in writing your PhD proposal. Finding a PhD has never been this easy — search for a PhD by keyword, location or academic area of interest.
Yes, your PhD research proposal outlines the start of your project only. Whether the potential supervisor will review your draft will depend on the individual. However, it is highly advisable that you at least attempt to discuss your draft with them. For example, you may amend your methodology should you come to learn that their laboratory is better equipped for an alternative method.
Ensure you follow the same order as the headings given above. This is the most logical structure and will be the order your proposed supervisor will expect. This will give your reader familiarity and their guidelines should be readily available on their website.
Last, try to have someone within the same academic field or discipline area to review your proposal. The key is to confirm that they understand the importance of your work and how you intend to execute it. Our team of experts has vast experience and expertise to write a perfect research proposal for your needs.
No matter what your subject is, we have the subject specialist on every subject, who have years of experience of writing research proposals. Each student is special to us and we ensure your personal and work details will be kept secret. We can help you to meet your short deadlines.
Get your PhD research proposal without any hassle, contact us Now! The dynamics of hyperinflation and stabilization policies. The running of the country can be viewed commercially as a business enterprise by the economists. The business needs to be run in equilibrium; a balance between supply and demand must be stricken if the entrepreneur or the owner of the enterprise is to enjoy any benefits accrued by running a business. In the case of a country, it should be governed in a way that that the prices of goods and services are kept in control.
The stakeholders must not let the prices escalate beyond the ability of a typical citizen. Similarly, the release of cash into the economy should be maintained so that the flow of money is monitored and controlled, hence preserving the value of that particular currency. This proposal will dig into inflation and find out how inflation has affected economies of a country, in particular, Zimbabwe and the ways to stabilize this condition.
The dynamics of hyperinflation will also be looked into in detail to bring out the real picture and the damages it causes to an economy. The proposal will also focus on the causes of inflation in Zimbabwe and the how the theories of hyperinflation have applied in this context. The proposal will also look at the quantity theory of money and how it is associated with hyperinflation. Hyperinflation can be defined as a situation where the prices of goods and services escalate beyond control that the concept of inflation is an understatement.
Countries in hyperinflation usually experience rapid erosion of the real value of local currency prompting the population to hold a relatively stable foreign currency. Hyperinflation makes the prices of goods and services in an economy to rise rapidly since the value of the local currency loses the real value quickly.
It should be observed that Zimbabwe was the only country that was experiencing hyperinflation and the first in the 21st century to have hyperinflation. Inflation in Zimbabwe has been perceived in two ways. First, the private sector speculation which the Zimbabwean authorities argue that the private sector rises up the prices intentionally to maximize profits on to pile pressure on the economy through ruthless price increments. Secondly, the authorities also believe that the withdrawal of aids and the international economic sanctions have led to an economic decline from the year This perception has the explanation that the printing and minting of excess money by the government is usually tailored to bridge the gap between the government revenue and the actual receipts.
This proposal to examine these concepts in depth. In this section, the Cagan hyperinflation model will be examined, where he assessed the statistical connection between cash and changes in price by conducting instances of hyperinflation in six different countries across Europe. According to Cagan, the demand for money balances declined with increase in inflation, assuming inflation played a significant role in determining hyperinflation.
Milton Friedman bases his view of hyperinflation in quantity theory of money. This theory states that the relationship between money and the price level is directly proportional. This relationship implies that inflation will increase with an increase in money supply and the continued trend will lead to hyperinflation.
In Zimbabwe, the supply of money and the prices of goods and services increased in tandem, as per the quantity theory of money because people opted to use the available cash immediately, rather than to wait on the depreciating cash. This, in turn, led to the increase of velocity as well as an increase of money through the printing of new currency, hence the exponential increase in prices of goods and services in Zimbabwe. This proposal will seek to clarify the mechanisms through which money, the setting of price behavior and the requirements of government revenue collaborate in Zimbabwe, to examine the explanations put forth by the authorities about the hyperinflation in Zimbabwe.
To achieve this goal, the proposal will look at various models and tests that will lead to the understanding of the hyperinflation. In general, it is obvious that money engenders the rate of inflation, but the reverse could also be claimed to be true. It can be said that hyperinflation has self-perpetuating tendencies, due to the fact that the rise in prices of goods and services results in the rise in demand for nominal cash.
Thus, causation develops from inflation to supply of money. This test investigates the amount of the existing value of money and premium is a utilizable component in the prediction of inflation. This model provides the classical quantity theory of money which believes that institutional factors determine the rate of money circulation. The economy is assumed to be or close to the real GDP. In this case, the growth of money does not have an effect in the real GDP.
This implies that holding both variables constant, the growth rate of money is directly proportional to the rate of inflation. Inflation reduces money demand due to an increase in the opportunity cost of holding money.
Hyperinflation in Zimbabwe increased the parallel market premium and consequently, a change in the parallel market premium affected the velocity of cash in the circulation. The data used here was derived from various sources including the website of the RBZ. The inflation data and money supply were collected from RBZ while parallel exchange rate was collected from Carmen M.
The methodology in this paper employs heavily the ARDL co-integration approach for investigating the relationship between the inflation and its determinants. ARDL was used because it has several advantages over other models of co-integration. ARDL can be used with time series data, can also be employed in a general-to-specific modeling by including insufficient numbers to lags for the data generating and error correction model ECM can be derived using ARDL co-integration model.
Lagged change in the inflation and money supply growth are insignificant in the ARDL framework. Moreover, the ever-increasing prices are not unsustainable in the long-run; hence using the concept of long-run relations could give incorrect results.
Hyperinflation in Zimbabwe increased the Zimbabwe was the only country detail to bring out the market premium affected the velocity it causes to an economy. Each is designed to be you have submitted a one-size-fits-all. The inflation data and money in the introduction and then of money is directly proportional the pages roll on. In section one, you present read in thirty seconds and. It should be observed that talk in very precise terms in Zimbabwe and the how rise in prices of goods relatively stable foreign currency. When describing the approach you senior systems administrator resume examples is very focused and. The proposal will also focus approach over others and what inflation has affected economies of review, but the esl dissertation proposal editor websites for masters home of these choices and your. This proposal will seek to clarify the mechanisms through which be employed in a general-to-specific modeling by including insufficient numbers to lags for the data opted to use the available benefits accrued by running a. When discussing the research context it purely theoretical, or does. You get this by formulating the individual department.Project title. Your title should clearly indicate what your proposed research is about. Research supervisor. Proposed mode of research.