Criminals have been considered to do acts that go against the culture and ethics of the society. However, rehabilitation centers and prisons have been used as the training and guiding places for such criminals. Rehabilitation is the process that criminals undergo to change their character that is aimed at causing trouble to the community. Examples of crimes that are accepted in rehabilitation centers include drug abuse and other offenses such as robbery and rape Huebner, The alliance offered more protection in the barrios and in prisons.
In return, MS - 13 provided hitmen for the alliance and added the number People join MS or any other gang for a many reasons; they need money because in many places there are no jobs for the younger generation and they know that gangs make quite a bit of money so they join, in some c MS — 13 is known for murder, drugs, rape, prostitution, and they assault many people.
When they do the crimes they mostly use guns, machetes, or blunt objects. Before an offender can be convicted they must face a judge how will hand down there sentence after a trail with a jury. The jury will be the deciding factor in a trial, deeming the offender guilty or not guilty. There are different type of charges felonies and misdemeanors which are based on the seriousness of the crime.
Murder, rape and tampering with evidence are all felonies. This paper will provide an explanation into how differential association theory explains burglary. Burglary, according to the Federal Bureau of Investigations F. I , considers a property crime a Type 1 Index Crime because of its potentially violent nature. The F. This paper discusses the elements of the crime of burglary and what constitutes a structure or dwelling. RICO is a federal law that allows individuals to be penalized for acts that were done as part of a crime syndicate.
The law was revolutionary because it allowed leaders of criminal organizations to be charged for crimes that they did not personally commit, but instead ordered others to do U. Department of Justice, , p. Another significant federal law against organized crime is the Continuing Criminal Enterprise Statute. Crimes that FBI profilers might be acquainted include sexual assaults, homicides, kidnappings, bombings, threats, battery, and manslaughter are just some of the main points of what FBI profilers deal with on a normal basis.
The action of criminal profiling goes into depth of personality of the criminal and an analysis of how the crime was committed. The profiler will considered any information from the crime scene, eyewitnesses and possible motives for the crime. FBI profilers will interview criminals to get an understanding of motives These types of profilers focus more on the criminals-who a person is , how that person thinks, and why a person do the things that are done The FBI.
Gone are the days when battles were over community control, when loyalty meant self- determination, not self destruction. Gangs were faced with intra-conflict old codes of conducts versus laissez-faire attitudes of the younger gang members. Gang violence increased as many capitalized on this new market the distribution of crack cocaine.
The criminal makes several charges in your name, does not pay the bill, and your credit suffers miserably. After you apply for a MasterCard, for mortgage, a replacement house, and more, Identity fraud strikes against you. The foremost common victims of fraud are kids. The Criminal Mind When someone is committing a crime, what is going through his or her mind? What triggers them to commit a murder or violent crime? There are many theories on why criminals commit these heinous crimes.
Home Page Armed Robbery Essay. The words "or immediately after" that appeared in section 23 1 b of the Larceny Act were deliberately omitted from section 8 1. The book Archbold said that the facts in R v Harman ,  which did not amount to robbery in , would not amount to robbery now. It was held in R v Dawson and James  that "force" is an ordinary English word and its meaning should be left to the jury. This approach was confirmed in R v Clouden  and Corcoran v Anderton ,  both handbag-snatching cases.
Stealing may involve a young child who is not aware that taking other persons' property is not in order. The victim must be placed in apprehension or fear that force would be used immediately before or at the time of the taking of the property. A threat is not immediate if the wrongdoer threatens to use force of violence some future time. Robbery occurs if an aggressor forcibly snatched a mobile phone or if they used a knife to make an implied threat of violence to the holder and then took the phone.
The person being threatened does not need to be the owner of the property. It is not necessary that the victim was actually frightened, but the defendant must have put or sought to put the victim or some other person in fear of immediate force. The force or threat may be directed against a third party, for example a customer in a jeweller's shop.
Dishonestly dealing with property stolen during a robbery will constitute an offence of handling. Robbery is an indictable-only offence. Under current sentencing guidelines, the punishment for robbery is affected by a variety of aggravating and mitigating factors. Particularly important is how much harm was caused to the victim and how much culpability the offender had e.
Robbery is divided into three categories which are, in increasing order of seriousness: street or less sophisticated commercial; dwelling; and professionally planned commercial. Robbery generally results in a custodial sentence. Only a low-harm, low-culpability robbery with other mitigating factors would result in an alternative punishment, in the form of a high level community order.
Current sentencing guidelines advise that the sentence should be no longer than 20 years, for a high-harm, high-culpability robbery with other aggravating factors. An offender may also serve a longer sentence if they are convicted of other offences alongside the robbery, such as assault and grievous bodily harm. Robbery was an offence under the common law of England. Matthew Hale provided the following definition:. Robbery is the felonious and violent taking of any money or goods from the person of another, putting him in fear, be the value thereof above or under one shilling.
The common law offence of robbery was abolished for all purposes not relating to offences committed before 1 January  by section 32 1 a of the Theft Act See sections 40 to 43 of the Larceny Act Section 23 of the Larceny Act read:. This section provided maximum penalties for a number of offences of robbery and aggravated robbery. If a robbery is foiled before it can be completed, an alternative offence with the same penalty, given by section 8 2 of the Act is assault; any act which intentionally or recklessly causes another to fear the immediate and unlawful use of force, with an intent to rob, will suffice.
Assault with intent to rob is an indictable-only offence. Assault with intent to rob is also subject to the mandatory sentencing regime under the Criminal Justice Act Robbery is a statutory offence in Northern Ireland. It is created by section 8 of the Theft Act Northern Ireland In the United States, robbery is generally treated as an aggravated form of common law larceny.
Specific elements and definitions differ from state to state. The common elements of robbery are:. The first six elements are the same as common law larceny. It is the last two elements that aggravate the crime to common law robbery. This is different from larceny which simply requires that property be taken from the victim's possession, actual or constructive. Property is "on the victim's person" if the victim is actually holding the property, or the property is contained within clothing the victim is wearing or is attached to a victim's body such as a watch or earrings.
For there to be robbery there must be "force or fear" in perpetrating the theft. Merely snatching the property from the victim's person is not sufficient force unless the victim resists or one of the items is attached or carried in such a way that a significant amount of force must be used to free the item from the victim's person. For robbery the victim must be placed in "fear" of immediate harm by threat or intimidation.
The threat need not be directed at the victim personally. Threats to third parties are sufficient. The threat must be one of present rather than future personal harm. Fear does not mean "fright",  it means apprehension — an awareness of the danger of immediate bodily harm. The maximum sentence for robbery in California is 9 years, according to Penal Code section a 1 A. The threat or use of force does not have to take place immediately before or at the time of the theft. The theft is considered completed when the perpetrator reaches a place of temporary safety with the property.
The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime notes "that when using the figures, any cross-national comparisons should be conducted with caution because of the differences that exist between the legal definitions of offences in countries, or the different methods of offence counting and recording". The last thing to note is that crime will vary by certain neighborhoods or areas in each country, so, just because a nationwide rate is a specified rate, does not mean that everywhere in that country retains the same amount of danger or safety.
Robberies have been depicted, sometimes graphically, in various forms of media, and several robbers have become pop icons , such as Bonnie and Clyde and John Dillinger. Examples of media works focused on robberies include:. Video games Payday: The Heist and Payday 2 are both games by Overkill Software where one of the main objectives is to steal items of monetary value at places such as banks, art galleries, armored trucks, and more.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Taking or attempting to take something of value by force, or threat of force, or by inducing fear in the victim. For other uses, see Robbery disambiguation. For other uses, see Robber disambiguation , Holdup disambiguation , and Stick up disambiguation.
This section appears to contain trivial, minor, or unrelated references to popular culture. Please reorganize this content to explain the subject's impact on popular culture, providing citations to reliable, secondary sources , rather than simply listing appearances. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. January Archived from the original on September 3, Retrieved From the Office of the Attorney General. The Theft Acts and Sweet and Maxwell.
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