how to write theoretical framework

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How to write theoretical framework

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By presenting such data, you frame your work and show your knowledge of key theories, models, and concepts in terms of your subject. Chosen models and definitions provide you with a further direction. Focus on their development at different stages of this process. A theoretical framework provides you with strong scientific justifications for your project because it proves that existing theories support your research.

How to identify and assess relevant models, theories, and concepts? Use a literature review to evaluate how others defined your key concepts and compare their definitions to choose the best one for your case. Indicate any notable links between them. Describe the models related to your findings and argue why you decide to apply them to your piece of writing.

Based on your education discipline, feel free to include in your theoretical framework a comprehensive review of the current state of your research subject. Analyze a specific field to get a clear idea of similar studies and clarify the position of your qualitative or quantitative research based on existing knowledge. Consider these important factors to present a good overview:. What questions should you answer?

You can use your theoretical framework to answer descriptive questions or further analyze hypotheses and findings related to your topic. Use it to evaluate and formulate your own hypothesis, which you will test during your research and study a bit later. There are no strict rules that you must follow, the main thing is to create its logical structure by drawing on key terms and hypotheses. Feel free to write a paragraph or section that looks at every hypothesis, question, and key concept to end up with the best theoretical framework.

How long should your theoretical framework be? There are no exact rules about its length, but many teachers advise their students to write it pages long. Place them in a special appendix if you have space concerns. Conceptual or theoretical framework? This type relies on different beliefs, assumptions, and concepts that students use to guide their efficient research, writing, and work.

It uses connected concepts instead of established theories. Your theoretical framework must mention previous research and unstudied areas to identify a purpose of your work and discuss existing knowledge. Describe how your proposed study can lead to a helpful investigation or gaps in previous research and explain its foundation in broad terms. Describe a case for your study and present relevant references. Connect all dots between your audience, problem, and project.

As you close it, targeted readers should comprehend its context and content, its future effect on your chosen field, and potential benefits. There are certain things that you need to make it successful, including:. The main purpose of your theoretical framework is to explain to examiners the nature of your work, so they need to see something interesting. They want to know the following:. There are different ways that you can use to interpret theories. Describe why you make a certain choice with its benefits and focus on a particular frame and everything it gives you to design a strong academic project.

Think about other scholars who used a similar approach to a theoretical framework and decide what you can take from their work. Pick the most important aspects of your theory. Take into account its possible downsides. Determine if they are compatible and fill in existing gaps. After identifying your targeted audience and theoretical framework purpose, consider how you will write it in the most impressive way. Interesting questions and answers. Why not to use your suspicions?

Your theoretical framework is a brief summary of your study of a given subject, and you must develop it based on a review of past research. It also determines the most effective plan to interpret and investigate findings. It involves your well-supported rationale, and you should organize it in a way that can help readers assess and understand your perspective. Its basic purpose is to prove that you base your offered relationships on strong facts, not your guesses or personal instincts.

The development of your can help you clarify your study and consider other effective methods to eliminate possible biases in your research interpretation. Think about alternative theories that challenge your viewpoint. Focus on possible limitations because a theoretical framework offers the best way to conceptualize the nature of your chosen problem, its analysis, and basis.

College of Engineering. University of Michigan; Drafting an Argument. Borrowing Theoretical Constructs from Elsewhere. A growing and increasingly important trend in the social sciences is to think about and attempt to understand specific research problems from an interdisciplinary perspective. One way to do this is to not rely exclusively on the theories you've read about in a particular class, but to think about how an issue might be informed by theories developed in other disciplines.

For example, if you are a political science student studying the rhetorical strategies used by female incumbants in state legislature campaigns, theories about the use of language could be derived, not only from political science, but linguistics, communication studies, philosophy, psychology, and, in this particular case, feminist studies.

Building theoretical frameworks based on the postulates and hypotheses developed in other disciplinary contexts can be both enlightening and an effective way to be fully engaged in the research topic. Don't Undertheorize! Never leave the theory hanging out there in the Introduction never to be mentioned again.

Undertheorizing weakens your paper. The theoretical framework you introduce should guide your study throughout the paper. Be sure to always connect theory to the analysis and to explain in the discussion part of your paper how the theoretical framework you chose fit the research problem, or if appropriate, was inadequate in explaining the phenomenon you were investigating.

In that case, don't be afraid to propose your own theory based on your findings. What's a Theory? What's a Hypothesis? The terms theory and hypothesis are often used interchangeably in everyday use. However, the difference between them in scholarly research is important, particularly when using an experimental design. A theory is a well-established principle that has been developed to explain some aspect of the natural world.

Theories arise from repeated observation and testing and incorporates facts, laws, predictions, and tested hypotheses that are widely accepted [e. A hypothesis is a specific, testable prediction about what you expect to happen in your study. For example, an experiment designed to look at the relationship between study habits and test anxiety might have a hypothesis that states, "We predict that students with better study habits will suffer less test anxiety. The key distinctions are:. Cherry, Kendra.

Introduction to Research Methods: Theory and Hypothesis. Welcome Presentation on Hypothesis. Slideshare presentation. It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge.

If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results. The Conclusion Toggle Dropdown Appendices Definition Theories are formulated to explain, predict, and understand phenomena and, in many cases, to challenge and extend existing knowledge, within the limits of the critical bounding assumptions. An explicit statement of theoretical assumptions permits the reader to evaluate them critically.

The theoretical framework connects the researcher to existing knowledge. Guided by a relevant theory, you are given a basis for your hypotheses and choice of research methods. Articulating the theoretical assumptions of a research study forces you to address questions of why and how. It permits you to move from simply describing a phenomenon observed to generalizing about various aspects of that phenomenon.

Having a theory helps you to identify the limits to those generalizations. A theoretical framework specifies which key variables influence a phenomenon of interest. It alerts you to examine how those key variables might differ and under what circumstances. Strategies for Developing the Theoretical Framework I.

Developing the Framework Here are some strategies to develop of an effective theoretical framework: Examine your thesis title and research problem. The research problem anchors your entire study and forms the basis from which you construct your theoretical framework. Brainstorm on what you consider to be the key variables in your research. Answer the question, what factors contribute to the presumed effect? Review related literature to find answers to your research question. List the constructs and variables that might be relevant to your study.

Group these variables into independent and dependent categories. Review the key social science theories that are introduced to you in your course readings and choose the theory or theories that can best explain the relationships between the key variables in your study [note the Writing Tip on this page].

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How to write theoretical framework Philipsen, Kristian. Thank you, Loading APA Citation Generator. List the constructs and variables that might be relevant to your study. Developing your theoretical framework Published on October 14, by Sarah Vinz. By virtue of its applicative nature, good theory in the social sciences is of value precisely because it fulfills one primary purpose: to explain the meaning, nature, and challenges associated with a phenomenon, often experienced but unexplained in the world in which we live, so that we may use that knowledge and understanding to act in more informed and effective ways.
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How to write theoretical framework Dear Max, thank you very much, many things got clear after reading this. Whilst it might not seem like it, this is a test of the theory and does advance our knowledge. Have you approached your supervisor with this question? Your theoretical framework must mention previous research and unstudied areas to identify a purpose of your work and discuss existing knowledge. By virtue of its application nature, good theory in the social sciences is of value precisely because it fulfills one primary purpose: to explain the meaning, nature, and challenges of a phenomenon, often experienced but unexplained in the world in which we live, so that we may use that knowledge and understanding to act in more informed and effective ways.
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What makes life worth living essay Those from the more idealist end of the spectrum e. There are no exact rules about its length, but many teachers advise their students to write it pages long. Many Thanks Loading However your advice was really beneficial. Home Knowledge Base Dissertation Developing your theoretical framework. Let me explain. The theoretical framework introduces and describes the theory which explains why the research problem under study exists.
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Describe a case for your study and present relevant references. Connect all dots between your audience, problem, and project. As you close it, targeted readers should comprehend its context and content, its future effect on your chosen field, and potential benefits. There are certain things that you need to make it successful, including:. The main purpose of your theoretical framework is to explain to examiners the nature of your work, so they need to see something interesting.

They want to know the following:. There are different ways that you can use to interpret theories. Describe why you make a certain choice with its benefits and focus on a particular frame and everything it gives you to design a strong academic project. Think about other scholars who used a similar approach to a theoretical framework and decide what you can take from their work.

Pick the most important aspects of your theory. Take into account its possible downsides. Determine if they are compatible and fill in existing gaps. After identifying your targeted audience and theoretical framework purpose, consider how you will write it in the most impressive way.

Interesting questions and answers. Why not to use your suspicions? Your theoretical framework is a brief summary of your study of a given subject, and you must develop it based on a review of past research. It also determines the most effective plan to interpret and investigate findings. It involves your well-supported rationale, and you should organize it in a way that can help readers assess and understand your perspective. Its basic purpose is to prove that you base your offered relationships on strong facts, not your guesses or personal instincts.

The development of your can help you clarify your study and consider other effective methods to eliminate possible biases in your research interpretation. Think about alternative theories that challenge your viewpoint. Focus on possible limitations because a theoretical framework offers the best way to conceptualize the nature of your chosen problem, its analysis, and basis.

Ensure that you connect and develop a theoretical framework based on your review and knowledge of the chosen academic subject. Decide how you initially formulate your research problem. Review relevant literature to find gaps because it will let you present your work based on its analytical summary and impress teachers. Your description of interesting variables in the context of your literature review allows other people to understand important theorized links or connections.

Start with describing current knowledge. Tell readers what they will find in your study, apply theories to your research problem, and state your predictions or hypotheses. There is a connection between quantitative research and your theoretical framework. Your final choice of research design depends on the goals of your study and literature review it may take some time.

This design uses deductive reasoning, which starts with determining the best theoretical framework to guide your project and give it good structure. It establishes grounds for your study. Remember that it directs your research methods, but ensure that your chosen methodology provides the audience with the strong conclusions compatible with theories. There are two basic factors that you can use to simplify this important concept because any theoretical framework involves a rationale for doing your research and a discussion of your subject.

They form its basis when writing your complex academic paper. It can improve your analysis by determining a number of questions that you should ask and a specific perspective to use while investigating your chosen subject. How to use it? You should position your theoretical framework in a broader context, learn its possible limitations, and describe relevant models, concepts, and theories.

What if you face any hardships? Making an effective theoretical framework is not an easy task, so turn to our qualified and trained professionals if you need any help. Our online custom paper writing services are available around the clock. Feel free to use them whenever you require expert guidance or assistance with your academic assignments and improve your grades.

Table of Contents. How to Write your Theoretical Framework Correctly? What data do you need to get from your theory? How to develop theoretical framework successfully? Learn more about writing the theoretical framework. She loves the challenge of finding the perfect formulation or wording and derives much satisfaction from helping students take their academic writing up a notch. Have a language expert improve your writing. Check your paper for plagiarism in 10 minutes.

Do the check. Generate your APA citations for free! APA Citation Generator. Home Knowledge Base Dissertation Sample theoretical framework of a dissertation. Sample theoretical framework of a dissertation Published on October 14, by Sarah Vinz. To investigate this problem, you have identified the following problem statement, objective, and research questions: Problem : Many online customers do not return to make subsequent purchases.

Objective : To increase customer loyalty and thereby generate more revenue. Is this article helpful? Other students also liked. Developing your theoretical framework In the theoretical framework, you define key concepts and discuss relevant theories, showing how your research fits in with established ideas. How to write a literature review A literature review is a survey of scholarly knowledge on a topic. It is used to identify trends, debates, and gaps in the research.

How to write a research methodology The methodology lets readers assess the reliability of your research. Describe what you did and show how your methods match your aims. What is your plagiarism score?