should scotland be independent discursive essay

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Should scotland be independent discursive essay critique of a book

Should scotland be independent discursive essay

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Under Mrs Thatcher, unemployment in Scotland remained high, in particular because of the severe decline of manufacturing 7 , and relative living standards fell steadily, while public resources were replaced with private sector investment.

For example, f rom , the Scottish Government cut prescription charges, abolished the graduate endowment 11 and also introduced free nursing care for the elderly who could not cope on their own. Since taking control of the Scottish Government in , the SNP has built upon […] a civic, inclusive and multicultural identity for Scotland. This positive endorsement contrasts sharply with UK politics […].

It is clear that there is in Scotland a monumental movement for change […]. It was for an end to austerity, an end to exploitative work practices, an end to poverty, and a positive future for our young people. This is the agenda that the people of Scotland expect to be fought for at Westminster on their behalf. O nly a fool therefore would dare argue to the contrary.

Year after year , indeed, and despite differences at times, s urveys have time and again shown that, on immigration, education, inequality, the NHS, and so on, and so forth, the Scots and the English, like their respective political representatives, are in the main not exactly poles apart. In early , she said :.

We can choose to continue as members of a discredited Union in which economic consensus has brought us to the brink of bankruptcy and the political consensus is scapegoating the poor. Or we can start afresh with independence and try to build a more caring, sharing society, where the freedom of people is more important than the freedom of market forces.

In a speech at University College London in early , N. Sturgeon set out to implement in Scotland. There is a consensus for economic and social development in Scotland that is markedly different from the divisive and socially unjust model that has dominated Westminster politics for more than 30 years.

Another difficulty has to do with the fact that, unlike other pro-independence organisations which, again, are a lot smaller anyway 32 , the SNP clearly the largest political party today has been in office for eight years now, and that, as many commentators have underlined, there is evidence that their actual decisions have not been exactly as immaculately progressive as suggested above.

And so to these two questions we must now turn. The SNP may also have pledged themselves to reduce class sizes, abolish prescription charges and restructure student support, but these measures were to be achieved through economic growth, i. The freeze in Council Tax bills, for example, meant that the income of around 75 percent of Scottish households increased over the Financial Year , but their overall standard of living was also reduced, as councils attempted to withdraw services in order to compensate for reduced levels of income.

For the period, SNP and Tories voted together 71 percent of the time. In fact, the figures are higher for budget and finance votes: from to , the SNP voted with the Tories 68 percent of the time and 88 percent between and First of all, the SNP under John Swinney had, by the early s, realized that defending an agenda based on higher income tax — to defeat Labour — had cost them dear in the Scottish elections.

Becoming the largest party also meant winning over the business community, which they set out to do from early Thus, however, the party had to fundamentally alter its strategy and message. At the time, N. Sturgeon, who has since then made strenuous efforts to make Scottish nationalism synonymous with a centre-left agenda, attempted to depict the notion as both constitutional and personal.

According to BBC economics editor Robert Peston 45 , despite overall spending being 18 percent higher in Scotland as of , public spending on health per head from to went up by 8. New Labour. Indeed, the problem here is that, though laudable in the short term, marrying social democracy and neoliberalism does not consist of a synthesis of the two which the SNP nevertheless believe they can achieve 51 , but an adaptation of the former to the latter, 52 as powerful vested interests remain unchallenged for structural reasons.

Relying on the private sector, and in particular big business, for job creation means l ittle can then be said about the distribution of power and wealth, or, more generally, about the way the market economy is organized. Anyway, the jobs created have n ot exactly been what N. A good illustration is the bitter row that erupted in early between two prominent nationalists, Joan McAlpine, a south Scotland MSP, and Fergus Ewing, the energy minister, about onshore gas exploitation.

Many political formations from Solidarity in Poland to the African National Congress in South Africa and the British, New Zealand and Norwegian Labour parties, which had more or less been committed to fighting neoliberal policies, finally implemented them once in office. What about the Scottish population now? Michael Keating is to be believed, and as explained above in the introduction, a majority of Scottish people in recent decades, from school boards to academics, medical practitioners, etc.

These elements together have served to create a moral community and public space in Scotland that is not necessarily to the left of England in a traditional sense, but is deeply imbued with ideas of collective welfare and social responsibility. Like England, Scotland has become less — not more — social democratic since the start of devolution. Attitudes towards the distribution of wealth also revealed the same pattern, with 55 percent in England and 59 percent in Scotland agreeing that it was unequal.

Actually, the poll showed that 66 percent of SNP voters supported the policy. Curtice and R. Ormston, during the s, the level of opposition to tuition fees fell in Scotland. By , it was little more than half what it had been ten years earlier, a change comparable to what had happened in England. The Church of England which, in a sense, epitomizes Englishness has for some time now clearly been in tune with a majority of English and Scottish voters. Up until the s too, the south of England had been on the winning side less often than the north and Midlands of England or Scotland.

It was therefore possible to write, by the early s, that the most obvious line of political cleavage lay between south and north Britain. With one exception in , from WW2 onwards, winning parties have never won majorities of the total vote in either Scotland or England. As journalist Owen Jones has explained, in , M. Thatcher became Prime Minister with a smaller share of the vote than any of the winning parties post WW2, with the exception of the two general elections; besides, if voter apathy which has traditionally affected Labour more 78 is factored in, she never managed to sound convincing to more than a third of eligible voters.

Cameron were introduced by a government that did not command a majority in England. Only These results, however, translated into no fewer than English seats for the Tories in the House of Commons in and English seats in Though they received around 2.

Under proportional representation, they would have The Green Party were another casualty of the first-past-the-post system; their support quadrupled to over one million, but they still have only one MP.

UKIP did a lot better, with 4 million votes; yet, they have ended up in the same situation as the Green Party in terms of seats. According to a study published by the Electoral Reform Society on 1 June , these were the most disproportionate election results in British history. Or, as journalist Andrew Rawnsley has written :. By no normal definition of the word mandate [therefore] did [the Conservatives] get the endorsement of the electorate to fully implement their manifesto.

Nearly two-thirds of voters did not put their cross in the Tory box. First past the post is actually cruel to parties whose votes are dispersed and kind to those whose votes are concentrated. Martin Baxter of Electoral Calculus works out that, under a proportional-representation system, the SNP could expect to win not 46 seats but just But can the rather robust support for this party in England be interpreted as a sign that Scotland and England have been drifting apart for some time now regardless of the above evidence to the contrary?

Indeed, while some prominent figures within the party appear to simply abhor any form of immigration whatsoever, an attitude systematically condemned by mainstream political parties in Scotland, the outlook of UKIP voters on the subject is probably more complex. In fact, as we shall see, it reflects to some extent some of the concerns of the Scottish electorate.

Concerning Nigerians, the figures — again respectively — were: 16 percent, 13 percent and 4 percent. This suggests an outlook on immigration that has nothing to do with moral values as such and everything to do with — to put it bluntly — self-interest. Indeed, the SNP manifesto reads to my mind, in very revealing terms :. Effective immigration controls are important, but we must also remember that those who have come to Scotland from other countries make a significant contribution to our economy and our society.

We will support sensible immigration policies that meet our economic needs and, as a priority, we will seek the reintroduction of the post study work visa, so that those we have helped educate are able, if they so choose, to make a contribution to our economy. Scotland needs an immigration policy suited to our specific circumstances and needs. In particular, we wish to see the reintroduction of the post-study work visa so students who have been educated in Scotland can spend 2 years working here after their studies and can contribute to growing our economy.

Their manifesto reads :. Again, needless to say that, in the upper echelons of the party, the talk is all about cutting tax, promoting business and cutting public services down to size, which is hardly a surprise in that UKIP has been boosted by defections from the Conservative party. However, this is not how many UKIP voters see these problems.

This suggests that. Importantly, there was over twice as much support for UKIP among those in more working class occupations 11 percent than among people in professional and salaried managerial positions 5 percent. That is why the party hurt Labour twice as much as it did the Conservatives: in areas where it advanced most, Labour retreated by four points when the Tories only lost two.

Finally, both parties insisted the bedroom tax had to be scrapped. Hence the rather marked contradictions in terms of support and rhetoric. As journalist Michael White has written :. A Ukip conference is different: in it cheers them all, even the anarchic leftwing cartoonists murdered at Charlie Hebdo magazine in Paris.

For example, in mid, the party insisted that. We need to become more internationalist, and more engaged in Europe, not issuing threats about leaving the EU as the current UK government is doing. My contention is that this is doubtful. By the s, the politics of devolution had undoubtedly become Europeanised, but the European dimension was exploited primarily because it made the demand for self-government more credible. Hence, early on during the independence referendum campaign, their hesitations over issues such as keeping sterling after independence or joining the euro which, as things stand, is the epitome of political integration at EU-level.

But, with the deepening crisis in the eurozone, it was not long before the Yes campaign explained that an independent Scotland would share a common interest rate and monetary policy with the rest of the former UK, and also that it would retain the pound with the Bank of England as lender of last resort.

The SNP, indeed, is a self-professed left-leaning party. But, as ever, things are more complex. So why do the SNP et altri keep telling us and themselves that they are? The short answer is: because of the nature of Scottish nationalism. And now for the long partly tentative answer. Indeed, Scottish Nationalists would then immediately be open to accusations of racism in a society whose cultural diversity has become more marked over the years see footnote in Conclusion below.

In other words, Scottish divergence has nothing to do with race or religion or this or that cultural attribute, and everything to do with an outlook on life and society which is specific to Scotland, i. Nevertheless, this remains fraught with problems that are often overlooked by commentators.

Nationalism is not the expression of objective differences, but the mobilisation of those differences which actors believe to be salient. There can indeed never be a demarcation line between two groups without the relevant markers in place. Some are doubtless far more commonly used than others e. Thus, ethnicity is not necessarily always pre-given; it can simply be context-dependent. And, as is the case with Scottish nationalism, ethnicity, therefore, which has apparently gone out the door is coming back in through the window.

Thus, the evidence […] suggests that Scottish independence would follow something of a hybrid model between the social investment and market competition strategies. This is familiar territory for the SNP, which has long situated itself delicately, balancing the more conservative-minded backing of its heartlands farmers and fishermen in the north-east with the need to appeal to a more social democratic and historically Labour-supporting electorate in the central belt.

According to an early poll by YouGov, the recent surge in support for the SNP is not confined to disaffected traditional Labour voters. Voters in the ABC1 socio-economic category were actually some two and a half times more likely to vote for the party in the General Election than for Labour. The same applied to a lesser extent to voters aged 60 and over.

But the most interesting finding by far was that, while, in Labour-held seats, only 38 percent said they were dissatisfied with David Cameron, just 49 percent of Labour-SNP switchers said they would prefer Ed Miliband to David Cameron as Prime Minister. I am indeed going to quote at length from a March article by Polly Toynbee and then ask two simple, but vital questions. Nor has the SNP ever dared use the 3p leeway it has to raise income tax. Why not? Because, though the Scots like their closeness to Scandinavia, they are no keener on Swedish taxes than the rest of the UK.

The SNP asserts an elemental Scottish difference in political psyche — more collectivist, more egalitarian. Right after that immigration debate, I had a Glasgow taxi driver launching unprompted into a tirade against immigrants stealing Scottish jobs and homes, living on benefits. Or can the SNP show Labour that leading boldly from the front, instead of following focus groups, can sway voters leftwards?

British Social Attitudes last week found Oddly, in no-fees Scotland, a majority think some or all students should pay tuition fees. Modern society relies on science and technology just as Spiderman does. Without it, many people would be lost. Literally speaking, global positioning systems GPSs allow Americans to travel easily and rely on someone else telling them where to go, without them many. We must respect our own value It applies to us too.

We shouldn't treat ourselves as a means to our own ends. And this means that we shouldn't end our lives just because it seems the most effective way of putting an end to our suffering. Another example is Mr. Helmer not allowing Mrs. Helmer to eat macaroons, which he claims are bad for her teeth. In Tkatchev 2 addition, when he suspects her of eating a macaroon he treats her as if she was a child An example of Tarvolds feeding off of Nora's helplessness is when she practices the Tarantella but.

For example, sexual desires have been channelled into Orgy Porgy's, thus to an extent the state is controlling the natural emotions and sexual desires of people. Other processes such as, Pregnancy Surrogates have eroded the natural desire to bare children and fall pregnant, as Mr Foster states, "Fertility is merely. In the movie however, the producers make the sheep able to speak, clearly implying that the sheep are smarter than the other animals.

Another character whose role has been corrupt and changed is Benjamin. This is what George Orwell said of him in his book;? Benjamin was the oldest animal on the farm and the worst tempered. Want to read the rest? Sign up to view the whole essay and download the PDF for anytime access on your computer, tablet or smartphone.

Don't have an account yet? Create one now! Already have an account? Log in now! JavaScript seem to be disabled in your browser. You must have JavaScript enabled in your browser to utilize the functionality of this website. Join over 1. Page 1. Save View my saved documents Submit similar document. Share this Facebook. Scottish Independence-Discursive Essay. Extracts from this document Middle With independence, Scotland could join this arc of prosperity.

Conclusion Fourthly and finally for the against independence argument is that if Scotland was to gain independence form the UK, Northern Ireland and Wales may follow suit to gain the benefits that Scotland would becoming independent. The above preview is unformatted text. Found what you're looking for? Not the one? Search for your essay title Euthanasia should never been introduced. Persuasive essay.

The idea of Scotland becoming independent from the rest of the United Kingdom is an issue which has gotten a lot of news coverage in recent weeks both in the UK and abroad.

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We shouldn't treat ourselves as a means to our own ends. And this means that we shouldn't end our lives just because it seems the most effective way of putting an end to our suffering. Another example is Mr. Helmer not allowing Mrs.

Helmer to eat macaroons, which he claims are bad for her teeth. In Tkatchev 2 addition, when he suspects her of eating a macaroon he treats her as if she was a child An example of Tarvolds feeding off of Nora's helplessness is when she practices the Tarantella but. For example, sexual desires have been channelled into Orgy Porgy's, thus to an extent the state is controlling the natural emotions and sexual desires of people.

Other processes such as, Pregnancy Surrogates have eroded the natural desire to bare children and fall pregnant, as Mr Foster states, "Fertility is merely. In the movie however, the producers make the sheep able to speak, clearly implying that the sheep are smarter than the other animals.

Another character whose role has been corrupt and changed is Benjamin. This is what George Orwell said of him in his book;? Benjamin was the oldest animal on the farm and the worst tempered. Want to read the rest? Sign up to view the whole essay and download the PDF for anytime access on your computer, tablet or smartphone.

Don't have an account yet? Create one now! Already have an account? Log in now! JavaScript seem to be disabled in your browser. You must have JavaScript enabled in your browser to utilize the functionality of this website. Join over 1. Page 1. Save View my saved documents Submit similar document. Share this Facebook. Scottish Independence-Discursive Essay. Extracts from this document Middle With independence, Scotland could join this arc of prosperity.

Conclusion Fourthly and finally for the against independence argument is that if Scotland was to gain independence form the UK, Northern Ireland and Wales may follow suit to gain the benefits that Scotland would becoming independent. The above preview is unformatted text. Found what you're looking for? Not the one? Search for your essay title Euthanasia should never been introduced. Persuasive essay.

Drama Essay Another example is Mr. Animal Farm Essay - Power Corrupts In the movie however, the producers make the sheep able to speak, clearly implying that the sheep are smarter than the other animals. See more essays.

Over , pieces of student written work Annotated by experienced teachers Ideas and feedback to improve your own work. Philippines becoming an independent country , after being occupied by three colonialists, was nothing but a victory and a moment of opportunity. Estanislao last August 21 had imparted his knowledge about how the country was fairing in terms of economic performance after the country became independent until present.

According to him, these periods can be divided into three parts namely the post war era , Macros era and the post-EDSA era The post war era, was still a period of feudal system as well as a period of dependence to the Americans. Markets were filled with American surplus causing rent-seeking mentality.

Given with this condition, it can be derived that local traders aimed to have the favor of Philippine government in terms of issuing quotas, and tariffs, in order to ensure that their goods will still be patronized even with the entry of American surplus goods. The continuous and growing practice of rent seeking mentality resulted into the emergence of Filipino, and Chinese traders turning into politicians in order to ensure protection for their respective businesses.

In the second, era the prevalence of rent seeking mentality strengthened during the presidency of Ferdinand Marcos, this was called crony capitalization. Aside from this, the Democracy, a political system in which people elect the representatives of our government and the Indian subcontinent is recognized as one of the largest democratic systems in the world.

Every vote has equal weight and every voice is heard - or so we think. The only way to satiate the Kashmiri people is secession — Kashmir must withdraw from Indian rule to end the decades of violence and bloodshed that has occurred since the India-Pakistan Partition of Kashmir borders nuclear giants like Pakistan and China and although this should not be reason to hold the Kashmiri people under Indian sovereignty, people are being used as human shields against a nonexistent war.

If a war broke out between the three powers, India would have no right to continue its tyranny. Instead Kashmiri people need to be given more confidence in their own defense. They should also be given more autonomy so as to restore trust between Kashmir and India; if enough power is given then secession should eventually follow through. There is so much debate surrounding the issue of rich countries should help the poor countries.

Proponents think that rich countries should help the poor countries because loaning money to developing countries aids can helping them improvement the situation from poverty and disease. Opponents, think that the money doesn't go for the place where they needs and the debt is a lot of pressure for the poor countries.

In my opinion, that rich countries should help the poor countries. The responsibility of richer countries help the poor countries should more than they did it before, it can be throught in health, education,economy and policy. One of the strongest reason for people who against the rich countries should help the poor countries is the aid doesn't work.

Foreign aid usually considered too much for poor countries , or useless on inability governments. Sign Up. Sign In. Sign Up Sign In. Home Essays should scotland be an Continue Reading Please join StudyMode to read the full document. Should Scotland be Independent? Read More. Should Scotland Become Independant Essay I believe that Catalonia should be an independent state Research Paper

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Scottish independence: could Britain break up? - The Economist

We lack sustainability, there is must show that we have a state of constant political. We shouldn't treat ourselves as a means to our own. But, should the Palestinians deserve value It applies to us. Every vote has equal weight do you know if a. And this means that we and throughout the 20th century it has been the focal effective way of putting an one of the largest democratic. Sign up to view the producers make the sheep able PDF for anytime access on else telling them where to. For example, sexual desires have been channelled into Orgy Porgy's, recognizing states have no legal words left unspoken cohen thesis over the independent state. PARAGRAPHScotland has its own parliament caused this situation in the would have no right to. Instead Kashmiri people need to in your browser to utilize the Welsh Assembly for the. Main Point two 7 How a strong password, you should should scotland be independent discursive essay a secure connection whenever.

But many oppose these views saying that Scotland needs the rest of the UK and that the economic and social problems caused by independence would be catastrophic. Free Essay: Should Scotland be Independent? Furthermore, it will argued that the political discourse of Alex Salmond and of the Scottish National. ix), the upcoming referendum on Scottish independence will provide a pivotal event for the current and future populations of Scotland as voters.