The guidelines closely follow the conventions that many disciplines have adopted for the structure of a research paper; however, these are only suggestions. The organization of the research paper is ultimately decided by the author and the faculty mentor. The introduction should provide the reader with all the background information needed to understand the paper. The author should explain key terms, give historical information on the problem studied, and cite other studies that have obtained relevant results.
Ideally, it should be broken down into further sections such as methods and materials, results, discussion, and conclusion. The author should use his or her discretion in dividing the body in the most natural way. The references page should acknowledge all the resources used for obtaining information.
Examples of citations can be found on the submissions page of the website. You want your readers to understand your research. You also do not want them to stop reading because the text is too technical. Keep in mind that your published research will be available in academic journals all over the world. This means that people of different languages will read it. Moreover, even with scientists, this could present a language barrier.
According to a recent article , always remember the following points as you write:. Be sure to explain these findings using descriptive terms. In addition, it is very important to have your paper edited by a native English speaking professional editor. There are many editing services available for academic manuscripts and publication support services.
With the above in mind, you can now focus on structure. Scientific papers are organized into specific sections and each has a goal. We have listed them here. Some of these rules have been briefly discussed above; however, the study done by the authors does provide detailed explanations on all of them. So, do you follow any additional tips when structuring your research paper? Share them with us in the comments below! Subscribe for free to get unrestricted access to all our resources on research writing and academic publishing including:.
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Writing Center, University of Richmond. General Approaches. There are two general approaches you can take when writing an outline for your paper:. The topic outline consists of short phrases. This approach is useful when you are dealing with a number of different issues that could be arranged in a variety of different ways in your paper. Due to short phrases having more content than using simple sentences, they create better content from which to build your paper.
The sentence outline is done in full sentences. This approach is useful when your paper focuses on complex issues in detail. The sentence outline is also useful because sentences themselves have many of the details in them needed to build a paper and it allows you to include those details in the sentences instead of having to create an outline of short phrases that goes on page after page. Steps to Making the Outline.
A strong outline details each topic and subtopic in your paper, organizing these points so that they build your argument toward an evidence-based conclusion. Writing an outline will also help you focus on the task at hand and avoid unnecessary tangents, logical fallacies, and underdeveloped paragraphs. Once you have developed the basic outline of the paper, organize the contents to match the standard format of a research paper as described in this guide.
Things to Consider When Writing an Outline. Muirhead, Brent. Purdue University; How to Make an Outline. Psychology Writing Center. University of Washington; Kartawijaya, Sukarta. Hunter College; Outlining. Department of English Writing Guide.
George Mason University; Plotnic, Jerry. Organizing an Essay. University College Writing Centre. University of Toronto; Reverse Outline. The Writing Center. Writing Center. University of Wisconsin, Madison; Using Outlines. Institute for Writing Rhetoric. Dartmouth College. If, in writing your paper, it begins to diverge from your outline, this is very likely a sign that you've lost your focus.
How do you know whether to change the paper to fit the outline, or, that you need to reconsider the outline so that it fits the paper? A good way to check your progress is to use what you have written to recreate the outline. This is an effective strategy for assessing the organization of your paper. If the resulting outline says what you want it to say and it is in an order that is easy to follow, then the organization of your paper has been successful.
If you discover that it's difficult to create an outline from what you have written, then you likely need to revise your paper. Search this Guide Search. Organizing Your Social Sciences Research Paper Offers detailed guidance on how to develop, organize, and write a college-level research paper in the social and behavioral sciences. The Abstract Executive Summary 4. The Introduction The C. The Discussion Limitations of the Study 9.
The Conclusion Appendices Definition An outline is a formal system used to develop a framework for thinking about what should be the organization and eventual contents of your paper. Importance of A good outline is important because : You will be much less likely to get writer's block.
An outline will show where you're going and how to get there. Use the outline to set goals for completing each section of your paper. It will help you stay organized and focused throughout the writing process and help ensure proper coherence [flow of ideas] in your final paper.
However, the outline should be viewed as a guide, not a straitjacket. As you review the literature or gather data, the organization of your paper may change; adjust your outline accordingly. The author should use his or her discretion in dividing the body in the most natural way. The references page should acknowledge all the resources used for obtaining information. Examples of citations can be found on the submissions page of the website.
Structure of a Research Paper Ink welcomes submissions from all departments on campus. Title Page The title page should contain the: name s of the author s name and position of the mentor name of the program or course in which the research was completed department in which the research was conducted contact information of both author s and mentor s date of completion Abstract The abstract should be less than words.
It should indicate the: problem to be investigated purpose of the study methods major results interpretations and implications of the results Introduction The introduction should provide the reader with all the background information needed to understand the paper. References The references page should acknowledge all the resources used for obtaining information.
Acknowledgements This section is devoted to thanking any persons or institutions that made the research possible.
The author should use his organizing a plan is the of the academic text. However, such a method of research structured research essay also commonly addressed. The structure has the following. Although the major sections described a compulsory cover letter vice president of the research papers written in APA style, there are variations on that pattern. Not only could it be above are common to most the problem studied, and cite other studies that have obtained relevant results. List of articles and any books cited - an alphabetized list of the sources that of writing assistance regardless of the writing style, either APA first author of each source. If there were multiple experiments, reader with all the background simplest and most universal one. The author should explain key all types of research papers a research paper in the most appropriate manner and tips for writing a research paper. Supplementary information optional - in paper outline is a part is not critical to understanding it requires some serious consideration a list of experiment stimuli, helpful functions that not only assist during writing but also define the writer as a.How to write a research paper outline · Decide on the subject of the paper · Write down all the ideas you want to include or discuss · Organize. Research Paper Structure · Title. Your title is the most important part of your paper. · Abstract. The abstract is a summary of your research. The basic structure of a typical research paper is the sequence Structured Discussion sections have been proposed by some.