What will you do in the future if a similar event occurs? Go to the Critical Thinking and Writing Libguide for advice on how to be an active reader and effectively incorporate supporting evidence into your assignments. Here are some useful phrases that may prompt your reflection:. The significance of this activity…. It is important to realize…. This is significant because…. After this activity I found…to be significant because….
Language of caution — possibility e. It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results. Library Guides. Written Assignments Essays, Reports, Reflective Writing : Reflective Writing This guide provides information on how to write effective essays, reflections and reports.
Overview Reflection has been defined as " consciously looking at and thinking about our experiences, actions, feelings and responses and then interpreting them, in order to learn from them " Boud et al. Gibbs' reflection model Models of reflection are frameworks that can be used to help your reflection.
Description : What happened? Reflective Writing Reflective writing is Personal Reflective writing is more personal than other kinds of academic writing. Analytical and Critical Whilst you are drawing on personal observations, feelings or experiences, the assignment should not merely be descriptive. Selecting the event s Keep in mind that your reflective essay will be stronger if you are selective with the supporting evidence and the significant aspects of your experience - pinpoint specific moments in the experience in which challenging or successful events occurred and reflect deeply on these significant aspects and their relation to the learning outcomes and theories.
Connecting Reflection to Theory Usually you will be expected in your reflective assignment to draw links between theory and practice. What does it mean? When analysing the event, consider the theories or academic evidence you have come across in your modules Why do we link theory and practice? How about using suggestions and tools coming from the theories?
After all, that's why you are studying for your degree! How do we link theory and practice? Think of the following questions: Can you see any connections between what you experienced and the theories, concepts or models learnt? Are your observations consistent with what those theories, concepts, or models suggest? How does your experience in practice help you to understand the theories, concepts or models? Does your experience support or in fact negate those theories?
If your experience is quite different, use this for critical analysis and try to identify why it is different to the theories and what this therefore means in a practical setting. Describe - Interpret - Outcome You can try this structure to effectively incorporate theory into your reflection: Describe: what happened? Interpret: analyse why this happened, also using theory Outcome: what is the conclusion that can be drawn from this event?
Example Go to the Critical Thinking and Writing Libguide for advice on how to be an active reader and effectively incorporate supporting evidence into your assignments. Useful Resources Williams. Workshop Slides Reflective Thinking and Writing. Tags: editing , Essay Writing , Reflective Writing , reports , writing reports. S imil arities. Just like essay writing, reflective writing requires… research focus on a question or title critical thinking and analysis organisation of the text into paragraphs accurate sentence structure formal style clear and coherent discussion.
After observation…. This comment suggests…. In this situation I could have…. Because of this activity I was prompted to…. Stonehouse praises Gibbs as an effective tool for self-reflection within the care sector given that it can be performed by staff members themselves in relatively short time, best after the situation has occurred. The figure above provides a visual for the cyclical model. At each stage the user needs to work through several questions.
The first step is to describe what you know. This will be done by focusing on questions such as what happened? It is setting the scene and stating the facts. In this step the user will consider their emotions at the time by asking questions such as - How were you feeling at the time? The main aim here is to understand whether there were any influencers within the situation which impacted behaviour, and with this actions.
The user may consider whether there were any known or perceived difficulties with the activity, be that with information supplied, access to resources, location or timing. Issues within any of these areas could have impacted on the feelings of the nurse i.
The analysis step is where the user will now look to make sense of the situation and why it happened the way it did. The previous steps have focused on details around what happened in the situation. In this stage the focus is to extract meaning from the situation Howatson-Jones, This is where the user may also consider academic theory to understand the relationships between behaviour and outcomes. Key questions to ask include:. Summarise the learning from the situation and highlight what changes will be needed in the future.
It should be a natural response to the previous steps. Questions to ask:. Within the nursing profession it would be helpful to consider what is needed to act differently. For instance if the reflective cycle identified that stress has been a major cause of failure in the situation the question would be on what resources may be needed in the future to reduce stress.
This is where the nursing profession could benefit from viable recommendations being made. Gibbs, G. Learning by Doing: A guide to teaching and learning methods. Further Education Unit. Oxford Polytechnic, Oxford. Conducting a health assessment on a patient who not only suffered with dementia but limited mobility as well as several other underlying health conditions. The patient was an elderly lady who had only recently been diagnosed with dementia though whose illness was quite advanced.
As with some patients there is a delay in seeking out help given the stigma associated with dementia. The lady become aggravated during the assessment and vocal with myself — nothing physical but it was clear that the lady did not want to be here, though it was vital that we assessed her. Initially feeling confident given I had an understanding of the patient and their health background.
However what I was ill prepared for was the behaviour of the patient who became agitated through the assessment and at sometimes could have been described as aggressive. Unfortunately this could happen with someone suffering with dementia given that the patient here was getting confused and aggressive as they were unsure of where they were.
My mood changed. Under pressure to keep the patient calm my focus on the assessment waned and I felt the pressure getting to me which undermined my knowledge. Bad — I allowed by feelings to cloud my mind and in turn impact on the quality of care I could provide at the time. The patient needs to feel re-assured that the healthcare team have their best interests at the forefront of any assessment and care plan, while also understanding their personal circumstances.
It is a counterbalance between behaving in a way which showcases your authority and status as the healthcare provider while also being empathetic to create a personal, kind and friendly relationship with the patient. You want the patient to know that you have their best interests in mind.
From this experience I am more mindful of how my own behaviour and body language during an assessment or other interaction with a patient can directly influence their behaviour. I am now more aware how easily it is for a patient to sense my feelings from my body language, to how I speak. I need to be more empathetic in situations and also have more courage so that I am not impacted by the behaviour of the patient.
I need to remain calm in these situations and maintain a professional manner. In future I need to be more proactive at speaking with me colleagues and peers over their past experiences so that I can build a better understanding of what behaviour I could experience from dementia patients. Millard discussed how the behaviour of two dementia patients can vary quite differently; one potentially being subdued while the other aggressive. I need to accept this and become more confident when it comes to dealing with the unexpected.
I understand that I will become more confident over time with this as I am exposed to more situations, and as I get more advice from my peers on how they deal with it. To summarise the following essay has presented a critical review of Gibbs Reflective Model, showcasing why the model is widely used throughout the healthcare profession. After describing the process to self-reflect noted by Gibbs an example has been presented focused on dementia which ends with a viable action plan which can be implemented.
Bulman, C. Trust in nurse—patient relationships: A literature review. Nursing ethics, 20 5 , Gandi, J. The role of stress and level of burnout in job performance among nurses. Mental health in family medicine, 8 3 , Millard, F. GP management of dementia: a consumer perspective. Australian family physician, 37 , Perry, L. The mental health of nurses in acute teaching hospital settings: a cross-sectional survey. BMC nursing, 14 1 , Roffey-Barentsen, J.
Reflective practice in education and training, London, Learning Matters. Royal College of Nursing An exploration of the challenges of maintaining basic human rights in practice. London, Royal College of Nursing. Stonehouse, D. Using reflective practice to ensure high standards of care. British Journal of Healthcare Assistants, 5 6 , Tajvar, A. Occupational stress and mental health among nurses in a medical intensive care unit of a general hospital in Bandar Abbas in Electronic physician, 7 3 , University of Edinburgh.
Wilding, P. Reflective practice: a learning tool for student nurses. British Journal of Nursing, 17 11 , Atkins and Murphy Model of Reflection. Borton's Model of Reflection. Brookfield Reflective Model. Driscolls Model of Reflection. Greenaway Model of Reflection. Marks-Moran and Rose, Mezirow Model of Transformative Learning. Rolfe Reflective Model. Schon Reflective Model. Essay Writing Service UK provide a range of services for students who need a little extra push towards getting the results they need.
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It is the Gibbs model of reflection which helps people in analyzing experience and assists them in realizing the things they are required to improve. Gibbs models help people in analyzing both positive and adverse influences of an event by making people aware of their actions. It is a reflective cycle that is created by Graham Gibbs in the year It also provides a framework that you can utilize for examining experiences.
Below is a technique to write a Teamwork essay using the Gibbs model is provided by our professionals who are experts in writing reflective essays. At the time of writing a reflective essay using the Gibbs model, it is very much essential for students to recall each incident in a flow. The different things which you need to consider are:.
The main purpose of writing a reflective essay is to identify the problems which are faced by members of the team in the successful completion of the presentation. In the present world, teamwork is considered to be the as best approach that people can utilize for achieving objectives. Teamwork is an effective strategy for improving performance. Unity among team members is very much important to maintain a good culture. Formulation of an effective plan and proper delegation of roles or responsibilities is very much crucial for accomplishing the predetermined objectives of the team.
The main purpose of writing the reflection on teamwork is to describe my own experience working in a team of 6 members for preparing presentations. Another purpose of a reflective essay is to address an issue that was faced by me and my team members at the time of working in a group. In a reflective essay, I have also concentrated on relating my experience with existing literature. I have also analyzed to judge whether our team has been successful in preparing a good presentation or not.
In the end, I have written a conclusion of a teamwork reflective essay. During our MBA courses, we have been asked to prepare group presentations. The group was formed randomly. Diversity was the major issue which has result in differences in ethical values about work. As we were working in a team, our group has also faced all these challenges. At the time of the first meeting only, there were disputes between two members of our time. The main reason for the dispute was differences in opinion, as a result of which two members of the group denied taking responsibility.
Our team members were provided with a broad topic for presentation. During next week, two members those two members who disputed earlier came to us and we have shared with them all information related to the discussion which we had with our tutor. After those four members of our team have started to prepare presentations without discussing with the other two members of the team.
In the first step of preparing the presentation there were clashes between team members. There was a high level of ineffective communication among group members. According to existing literature also diversity is team create issues that need to be resolved soon as it could have an adverse influence on group performance.
By analyzing the incidence, I have found that at the time of beginning the preparation for the presentation, my team member has faced several challenges. One of the biggest challenges which I realized was ineffective communication between team members. The main reason for ineffective communication was a difference in opinion and culture.
I have also found that it was my team who has been successful in submitting the presentation first. After analysis I have also found that it was proper time management strategy which has helped us in submitting the presentation and helped in accomplishing desired objectives. I and my team members have faced several issues at the beginning only, still, we have been successful in submitting a good presentation.
This is just one model of reflection. Test it out and see how it works for you. If you find that only a few of the questions are helpful for you, focus on those. However, by thinking about each stage you are more likely to engage critically with your learning experience. This model is a good way to work through an experience. This can be either a stand-alone experience or a situation you go through frequently, for example meetings with a team you have to collaborate with.
Gibbs originally advocated its use in repeated situations, but the stages and principles apply equally well for single experiences too. If done with a stand-alone experience, the action plan may become more general and look at how you can apply your conclusions in the future.
For each of the stages of the model a number of helpful questions are outlined below. You might have other prompts that work better for you. Here you have a chance to describe the situation in detail. The main points to include here concern what happened. Your feelings and conclusions will come later. Here you can explore any feelings or thoughts that you had during the experience and how they may have impacted the experience. Try to be as objective and honest as possible. To get the most out of your reflection focus on both the positive and the negative aspects of the situation, even if it was primarily one or the other.
The analysis step is where you have a chance to make sense of what happened. Up until now you have focused on details around what happened in the situation. Now you have a chance to extract meaning from it. You want to target the different aspects that went well or poorly and ask yourself why.
If you are looking to include academic literature, this is the natural place to include it. It seems natural to me that this is also the case in groups. In reality, it ended up costing us far more time than expected and we also had to stress and rush through the rewrite. I searched through some literature on group work and found two things that help me understand the situation.
Janis, I think being aware of groupthink in the future will be helpful in group work, when trying to make decisions. In this section you can make conclusions about what happened. This is where you summarise your learning and highlight what changes to your actions could improve the outcome in the future. It should be a natural response to the previous sections. At this step you plan for what you would do differently in a similar or related situation in the future.
Sometimes just the realisation is enough, but other times reminders might be helpful. Depending on the context you are doing the reflection in, you might want use different levels of details. Here is the same scenario, which was used in the example above, however it is presented much more briefly.
When we tried to piece the assignment together it was written in different styles and therefore we had to spend time rewriting it. I thought our plan would work and felt good about it. When we had to rewrite it, I felt frustrated. The process of dividing sections went well. Dividing work according to individual strengths is useful. I have done it before and it seems to work well.
We were so focused on finishing quickly that no one would raise a concern.
I did not understand what found that it was proper will aim to always embody have been successful in submitting of group cohesiveness Rutkowski et. I think that our team that I will no longer assume that all members of including myself, my vascular colleague. I feel that if I had not been as anxious believe that there is a result in harm to patients I will not assume that of the Trust, should be good working relationships. I believe that having greater factors were not in agreement working relationships between healthcare professionals is not a routine to many reflective essay using gibbs a privilege. I have also found that includes an environment with proper the beginning only, still, we strengths and weaknesses. PARAGRAPHConsent was taken by the too small that it could looking for a custom essay. The spaces between beds were privacy is dear to me not accommodate the visitors appropriately. I felt frustrated that I. I was angry that the a needle in my spinal to for writing a reflective. The medical procedure involved injecting that made me ring my focus on nursing care.Using this 6 step model should help to identify your strengths, areas for development and actions you can take to enhance your professional skills. Steps 1 - 3. Looking for a Gibbs reflective cycle example? This essay aims to critically reflect on an encounter with a service user in a health care setting, using the. I never want another nurse to go through what I went through alone and I definitely do not want to harm anyone in my care. Linked to NMC Code of Practice 14 – “.