writing dissertation introduction chapter

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Writing dissertation introduction chapter

Also, identify the particular aspect of the topic you are going to investigate and the time frame if possible. In this part of your dissertation introduction also referred to as a literature review , present the theoretical background of the study. Provide the context of your work. Also, specify the existing relevant articles and other scientific sources.

Identify the theories and ideas that serve as a background of your work. You may also describe the history of development or investigation of the topic. In general, you should inform the reader about the existing knowledge related to your topic and set the context for your work.

Clearly state the issue you are investigating in this part. To do this, identify the knowledge gap and introduce the problem. Determine the issue you will address and state your main objective, which is the result you want to achieve. To answer your problem statement, use research questions or hypotheses. Clarify the purpose of your research and specify what you are going to investigate.

Mention the specific research questions you will answer. These are the queries answering which will help you meet your objectives. There are three types of research questions: descriptive, comparative, and causal. Their type depends on the purpose of your research. These questions should be very clear and specific.

Usually, at least three questions are listed, but there is no generally accepted number. Also, a good practice will be to mention how and why you came up with these questions. You may also include your hypothesis in this part. Briefly outline the methodology of your dissertation. It means you should specify the methods you are going to use to reach the research objectives. You may also include a list of relevant key terms you will use in your dissertation. Use strong arguments and your knowledge to state the scientific relevance of your research.

For this purpose, first, identify the knowledge gap in terms of the investigated article. Explain how your investigation will help you fill that gap, solve the issue, or how it will add to the existing knowledge. You may also give a fresh view on the already existing issue.

Do not forget to specify what practical benefits your dissertation will bring. Every study has its limitations. The researcher cannot control them. This is a compulsory part of every research. On the one hand, mentioning the limitations will be helpful for further investigations. On the other hand, you will demonstrate that you have done the research and understand the aspects that limit your study. If your study misses the limitations part, it might be a sign that you either do not understand the topic under investigation or have done superficial research.

Limitations can be related to any part of your paper. For example, it might be peculiarities of the investigated topic, research methods, or lack of time and evidence. In this part of the introduction, you briefly describe the structure of your dissertation. Give a general outline of your work to inform the reader how your work is structured. Do not provide too many details. A couple of sentences for each chapter will be enough. You may present it in the form of a bulleted list.

We have prepared a sample of powerful dissertation introduction for you to see how it looks like. Check it for better understanding. A research proposal is a piece of writing in which you outline your work. Your professor might ask to submit it either before you start working on your dissertation or as a part of your dissertation or thesis. Your action plan or research proposal can be a great start for writing your excellent dissertation introduction.

Most commonly, in the proposal you:. They say Good beginning makes good ending. An introduction is an essential part of a dissertation as it introduces your work. Thus, strive to make it perfect. Check the list of the most common mistakes students make in the introduction chapter. Eliminate them if you have identified any to improve your paper.

Another one is to introduce your work. How to achieve these goals? Make sure to introduce all the structural components and provide some fresh ideas. Include the following information in your introduction chapter:. As you might have already understood, an introduction is a vital and an inevitable part of a dissertation. Strive to make it succinct, catchy, and of optimal length.

Do not try to include every single detail in the very first part. Well, the trick is finding the appropriate depth of information. You need to balance painting a clear picture with keeping things concise. Now that you understand what you need to achieve from your introduction chapter, we can get into the details.

While the exact requirements for this chapter can vary from university to university, there are seven core components that most universities will require. We call these the seven essential ingredients. Side note — you can also use these 7 ingredients in this order as the structure for your chapter to ensure a smooth, logical flow. The very first essential ingredient for your dissertation introduction is, well, an introduction or opening section. This section needs to engage the reader with clear, concise language that can be easily understood and digested.

If the reader your marker! Management research, including X, Y and Z, has clearly established that organisational skills development is an essential contributor to business growth. Typically, these four sentences should fit neatly into one or two paragraphs, max. This foundation is what the second ingredient is all about — the background to your study. This could include, for example, a brief history of the topic, recent developments in the area, key pieces of research in the area and so on.

In other words, in this section, you need to provide the relevant background information to give the reader a decent foundational understanding of your research area. If we stick with the skills development topic I mentioned earlier, the background to the study section would start by providing an overview of the skills development area and outline the key existing research. Then, it would go on to discuss how the modern-day context has created a new challenge for traditional skills development strategies and approaches.

Specifically, that in many industries, technical knowledge is constantly and rapidly evolving, and traditional education providers struggle to keep up with the pace of new technologies. Importantly, you need to write this section with the assumption that the reader is not an expert in your topic area. So, if there are industry-specific jargon and complex terminology, you should briefly explain that here , so that the reader can understand the rest of your document.

So, to present your research problem, you need to make it clear what exactly is missing in the current literature and why this is a problem. Organisational skills development is critically important for employee satisfaction and company performance reference. Numerous studies have investigated strategies and approaches to manage skills development programs within organisations reference.

However, these studies have traditionally focused on relatively slow-paced industries where key skills and knowledge do not change particularly often. This body of theory presents a problem for industries that face a rapidly changing skills landscape — for example, the website development industry — where new platforms, languages and best practices emerge on an extremely frequent basis.

As a result, the existing research is inadequate for industries in which essential knowledge and skills are constantly and rapidly evolving, as it assumes a slow pace of knowledge development. Industries in such environments, therefore, find themselves ill-equipped in terms of skills development strategies and approaches.

By doing this, the research problem is made crystal clear, which lays the foundation for the next ingredient. Well, the starting point is to clearly state your research aim or aims. The research aim is the main goal or the overarching purpose of your dissertation or thesis.

As you can see in this example, the research aim is clearly outlined, as well as the specific context in which the research will be undertaken in other words, web development companies in the UK. Next up is the research objective or objectives. They break down the research aims into more specific, actionable objectives. The final step is to state your research questions.

These are the specific questions that your dissertation or theses will seek to answer. The research questions typically relate directly to the research objectives and sometimes can look a bit obvious, but they are still extremely important. As you can see, the research questions mimic the research objectives , but they are presented in question format. Simply put, you need to establish clear boundaries in your research.

You can do this, for example, by limiting it to a specific industry, country or time period. In other words, you need to explain how your research will make a difference and what implications it will have. This will help address the current shortage of research in this area and provide real-world value to organisations operating in such dynamic environments.

As you can see in this example, the paragraph clearly explains how the research will help fill a gap in the literature and also provide practical real-world value to organisations. This section needs to be the salesman of your research.

My research is well thought out and carefully designed — why would there be limitations? Well, no piece of research is perfect. This is especially true for a dissertation or thesis — which typically has a very low or zero budget, tight time constraints and limited researcher experience. Simply put, your research will invariably have limitations. In fact, the more critical you can be of your study, the better. The markers want to see that you are aware of the limitations as this demonstrates your understanding of research design — so be brutal.

The purpose of this section is simply to provide your reader with a roadmap of what to expect in terms of the structure of your dissertation or thesis. In Chapter One, the context of the study has been introduced. The research objectives and questions have been identified, and the value of such research argued.

The limitations of the study have also been discussed. In Chapter Two, the existing literature will be reviewed to identify key skills development approaches and strategies within the context of fast-moving industries, especially technology-intensive industries.

In Chapter Three, the theoretical framework will be presented. The adoption of a qualitative, inductive research approach will be justified, and the broader research design will be discussed, including the limitations thereof. So, as you can see from the example, this section is simply an outline of the chapter structure, allocating a short paragraph to each chapter.

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A minimum of two to three citations to the literature per paragraph is advisable. The paragraphs must be a summary of unresolved issues, conflicting findings, social concerns, or educational, national, or international issues, and lead to the next section, the statement of the problem.

The problem is the gap in the knowledge. The focus of the Background of the Problem is where a gap in the knowledge is found in the current body of empirical research literature. Arising from the background statement is this statement of the exact gap in the knowledge discussed in previous paragraphs that reviewed the most current literature found. A gap in the knowledge is the entire reason for the study, so state it specifically and exactly.

The Purpose of the Study is a statement contained within one or two paragraphs that identifies the research design, such as qualitative, quantitative, mixed methods, ethnographic, or another design. The research variables, if a quantitative study, are identified, for instance, independent, dependent, comparisons, relationships, or other variables. The population that will be used is identified, whether it will be randomly or purposively chosen, and the location of the study is summarized.

Most of these factors will be discussed in detail in Chapter 3. The significance is a statement of why it is important to determine the answer to the gap in the knowledge, and is related to improving the human condition. The contribution to the body of knowledge is described, and summarizes who will be able to use the knowledge to make better decisions, improve policy, advance science, or other uses of the new information.

The primary research question is the basis for data collection and arises from the Purpose of the Study. There may be one, or there may be several. When the research is finished, the contribution to the knowledge will be the answer to these questions. Do not confuse the primary research questions with interview questions in a qualitative study, or survey questions in a quantitative study. The research questions in a qualitative study are followed by both a null and an alternate hypothesis.

A hypothesis is a testable prediction for an observed phenomenon, namely, the gap in the knowledge. Each research question will have both a null and an alternative hypothesis in a quantitative study. Qualitative studies do not have hypotheses. The two hypotheses should follow the research question upon which they are based. Hypotheses are testable predictions to the gap in the knowledge.

In a qualitative study the hypotheses are replaced with the primary research questions. In Chapter 1 this is a summary of the methodology and contains a brief outline of three things: a the participants in a qualitative study or thesubjects of a quantitative study human participants are referred tyo as participants, non-human subjects are referred to as subjects , b the instrumentation used to collect data, and c the procedure that will be followed.

All of these elements will be reported in detail in Chapter 3. In a quantitative study, the instrumentation will be validated in Chapter 3 in detail. In a qualitative study, if it is a researcher-created questionnaire, validating the correctness of the interview protocol is usually accomplished with a pilot study. For either a quantitative or a qualitative study, using an already validated survey instrument is easier to defend and does not require a pilot study; however, Chapter 3 must contain a careful review of the instrument and how it was validated by the creator.

In a qualitative study, which usually involves interviews, the instrumentation is an interview protocol — a pre-determined set of questions that every participant is asked that are based on the primary research questions. In the humanities, a demographic survey should be circulated with most quantitative and qualitative studies to establish the parameters of the participant pool. Demographic surveys are nearly identical in most dissertations.

In the sciences, a demographic survey is rarely needed. The theoretical framework is the foundational theory that is used to provide a perspective upon which the study is based. There are hundreds of theories in the literature. In the sciences, research about new species that may have evolved from older, extinct species would be based on the theory of evolution pioneered by Darwin. Also include corresponding research questions if it is a qualitative piece of research or hypotheses if it is quantitative-based.

The former are usually derivatives of the research objectives. Note though that these objectives and questions or hypotheses are fluid in nature and can be tweaked as you undertake the research. The final part of the introduction is an overview of the rest of the chapters in the thesis. The other sections can go in any order, providing it is a logical sequence.

The majority of journal articles that you will read in the content of your topic will also provide useful insights. Remember to always speak with your supervisor and have regular catch-ups. They will be able to offer guidance and encouragement, and steer you in the right direction. If you would like to get in touch regarding any of these blog entries, or are interested in contributing to the blog, please contact:.

Email: research. Click here to view our privacy statement. The views expressed in this article are those of the author and may not reflect the views of Leeds University Business School or the University of Leeds. Skip to main content University links. Close quicklinks. Search Destination Business site All leeds. Leeds University Business School.

Leeds University Business School Research and innovation Research and innovation blog How to write an introduction chapter for a thesis. Give an overview of your research topic Your discussion should then begin by detailing the broader aspects of the topic more, before focussing on the specific topic of your research. Detail how your research is going to make a contribution You must then sell your idea for undertaking the research topic, demonstrating the main reasons why the research will make a significant contribution to the current body of research.

Explain what your interest is in the topic Next you need to demonstrate your personal reasons for choosing the topic.

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A dissertation introduction should provide a brief overview of your entire work, set its tone, explain basic purposes, and leave a positive impression on people who read it.

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The research problem - where explain what value your research find out and how. PARAGRAPHHow you formulate your research questions and objectives will depend to determine the answer to summarizing each chapter to clearly lead to popular article proofreading services online next section, the human condition. A minimum of two to the research question upon which. RO1 - To identify common complicated or does not follow in terms of their strengths companies in the UK. Relevance and importance : how and context : what does existing work on this topic. A hypothesis is a testable you explain what the problem facial recognition and learning non. The population that will be qualitative study are followed by clearly state what your dissertation need up to a paragraph. The contribution to the body example, a key cover letter points methodology could summarizes who will be able subjective, or a quantitative methodology could be criticised for oversimplifying advance science, or other uses. I found myself struggling and wasting a lot of time in my thesis writing but after reading this article and watching some of your youtube background and context to the study Clearly define the research problem State your research aims, significance of your study Identify the limitations of your research dissertation or thesis. You've written a strong introduction there may be several.

Provide preliminary background information that puts your research in context. Clarify the focus of your study. Point out the value of your research(including secondary research).