Ultimately, the last part of the paper will give the best outcome or action for the ethical dilemma based on the personal reflection on the benefits and risks involved. It is a matter of common knowledge that public interest is paramount and shall always prevail where there is a disagreement between the public interest and the public interest. According to general ethics the interest of the majority should always prevail over those of the minority since ethical standards are set in line with the expectations of the majority.
In professional ethics, public interest refers to the welfare and safety of the public. In common circumstances public interest conflicts with self interest because of the imperialist nature of the contemporary world where interpersonal competition nullifies the assumption that the sum of self interest gives rise to the public interest.
Engineering ethics require that the professional engineers should hold paramount the safety and welfare of the public in the performance of their professional duties. This means that all decisions made by an engineer should not be in line with their personal interest but rather with the safety, health and welfare of the public in mind. As opposed to the relationship between professional and business interest, the public and self interest are seldom aligned.
Business law dictates that an incorporated business entity shall be a legal person capable of entering and signing contracts with the obligation to perform according to the terms and conditions. It therefore follows that an incorporated business entity can sue and be sued just like a natural person.
In light of this, a business has interest that is distinct from the individual interest of the owners. Traditionally, business interest was guided by the profit motive. In modern day practice, however, business interest is defined by both profit motive and corporate social responsibility refers to a business obligation to the public and the environment with regard to provision of services with whose return they do not expect profit. It is because of embracing corporate social responsibility that professional ethics or interest came into light.
Professional interest refers to the endeavors of professional engineers to attain goal that are aligned with their profession. Unlike the relationship between public and personal interest professional and business interest are aligned. Having successfully completed her PE exam Mary Johnson joins spire engineering as a structural engineer. Mary is not sufficiently experienced in construction works because she has not been in the field hence has not worked with contractors and superintendents so as to establish ways of handling their decision making norms.
On her first job Mary successfully draws a design for a parking structure which receives the approval of an experienced spire PE. However, on her first contract she works with a superintendent who over looks her qualifications citing reasons that she is not adequately experience with construction work.
Apparently Mary is not comfortable with the construction site especially considering that she is harassed by the construction workers who act in an unbecoming manner which make her uncomfortable. Nevertheless, she reports to work on the second day and disagrees with the superintendent over an issue that arises when the plant supplying concrete breaks down causing a delay in the completion of a slab that had been laid down halfway.
Mary warns of a potential cold joint which could threaten the welfare and the safety of the people who could use the parking in the future. However, the superintendent insists that they should proceed with laying down the slab arguing that they could enhance the area of the potential cold joint to strengthen the foundation.
Mary consults with her experienced spire colleagues who concur with her views over the looming cold joint. Even so, the laying down of the slab continues and Mary approves of the work. Two years later, the parking collapses after an earthquake occurs causing massive loss of property and maiming three people permanently. Applicable Ethical Theories and Codes The ASCE code of ethics provides that engineers shall hold paramount the health welfare and safety of the public in offering their professional services and performing their duties.
From the case, it is evident that Mary Johnson subordinated public safety, health and welfare by allowing the superintendent decision to prevail facilitating the continuation of the slab that lead to the formation of the cold joint which was responsible for the collapse of the parking. The ASCE code of ethics also provides that the professionally qualified engineers shall only perform and offer services in one area of competence. From the case, it is clearly mentioned that Mary Johnson did not know the nuances of placing concrete.
This raises suspicion over her competency in this area. It therefore can be concluded that Mary Johnson acted outside her competence thereby contravening the ASCE code of ethics. By such contravention Mary Johnson compromises her duty to uphold safety and welfare of the public.
According to the ASCE code of ethics engineers whose expert judgment is over looked under certain circumstances shall inform their clients over the potential consequences of the decisions made especially where safety and welfare of the public is vulnerable. From the case study it is clear that Mary Johnson allows the superintendent to overrule her professional decision. By so doing she leaves the safety and welfare of the public and other stake holders in jeopardy.
Again she contravenes the ASCE code of ethics. Secondly in furtherance of the ASCE code of ethics Mary Johnson should not have allowed herself to be overruled as she was obliged to uphold the safety and welfare of the public. On the contrary she should have reported the matter to her client and her employer in writing.
In the event that the superintendent continued with the laying down of the slab, Mary Johnson should have reported the matter in writing to government officials for appropriate action. Essentially Mary Johnson could have refused to back down from her recommendations because such recommendations were in the best interest of the public. This way she could have made her decisions in a manner that prioritized the safety welfare and health of the public.
Sticking to the ASCE code of ethics could have reduced possibility of loss and possibly exempted Mary Johnson of any liability arising from the loss. Similarly, Mary Johnson could have, in line with provisions of the ASCE code of ethics, consistently reported progress and challenges to her employer, spire engineering, her client and government officials for appropriate action.
Bowen, W R. Engineering Ethics: Outline of an Aspirational Approach. London: Springer, Hess, Stephen A. Design Professional and Construction Manager Law. Kardon, Joshua B. Guidelines for Forensic Engineering Practice. We accept sample papers from students via the submission form. If this essay belongs to you and you no longer want us to display it, you can put a claim on it and we will remove it.
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Abstract Much like many other professions the engineering profession id guided by various codes of ethic that seem to act as a solution to the conflicts that exist among the public interest, business interest, professional interest and personal interest. Public interest vs. Argumentative essay assignments generally call for extensive research of literature or previously published material. Argumentative assignments may also require empirical research where the student collects data through interviews, surveys, observations, or experiments.
Regardless of the amount or type of research involved, argumentative essays must establish a clear thesis and follow sound reasoning. In the first paragraph of an argument essay, students should set the context by reviewing the topic in a general way. Next the author should explain why the topic is important exigence or why readers should care about the issue. Lastly, students should present the thesis statement. It is essential that this thesis statement be appropriately narrowed to follow the guidelines set forth in the assignment.
If the student does not master this portion of the essay, it will be quite difficult to compose an effective or persuasive essay. Transitions are the mortar that holds the foundation of the essay together. Transitions should wrap up the idea from the previous section and introduce the idea that is to follow in the next section.
Each paragraph should be limited to the discussion of one general idea. This will allow for clarity and direction throughout the essay. It is important to note that each paragraph in the body of the essay must have some logical connection to the thesis statement in the opening paragraph.
Some paragraphs will directly support the thesis statement with evidence collected during research. It is also important to explain how and why the evidence supports the thesis warrant. However, argumentative essays should also consider and explain differing points of view regarding the topic.
Depending on the length of the assignment, students should dedicate one or two paragraphs of an argumentative essay to discussing conflicting opinions on the topic. Rather than explaining how these differing opinions are wrong outright, students should note how opinions that do not align with their thesis might not be well informed or how they might be out of date.
The argumentative essay requires well-researched, accurate, detailed, and current information to support the thesis statement and consider other points of view. Some factual, logical, statistical, or anecdotal evidence should support the thesis. However, students must consider multiple points of view when collecting evidence. As noted in the paragraph above, a successful and well-rounded argumentative essay will also discuss opinions not aligning with the thesis.
It is unethical to exclude evidence that may not support the thesis. It is at this point of the essay that students may begin to struggle.
The thing is that to become a good specialist, you will need to know how to incorporate the best ideas to come up with a great solution. Writing your college papers on any engineering topic means that you are given time and motivation to immerse yourself in finding out the related research, reading some relevant literature online or at a college library, and then offer your unique idea to tackle the problem.
How many electrons in an atom could have these sets of quantum numbers? A debit balance in the Allowance for Doubtful Accounts Which of the following is a valid probability distribution? Their sum is Find the numbers The entirety of a packet at one layer becoming the payload section at another layer is known as?
Which of the following is not an advantage of issuing bonds instead of common stock? Stockholders of a company may be reluctant to finance expansion through issuing more equity because Which of these is a difference between a DNA and an RNA molecule? Which of the following statements about Okazaki fragments in E. True or false? Well, what then should you do to stay ready for any kind of writing?
Reading extensively is a good way to prepare for an article writing based on engineering education and any other field of study. Also, you must always practice writing each and every day. This is not meant to keep you ready for a particular topic but to ensure that you are well equipped with good writing skills. Good writing skills take into account the aspect of coherence, good grammar, correct spelling and many more basics of writing a student ought to know.
Over the years, a lot has evolved in academia. A lot of topics and areas of study have also been introduced and one of them is engineering education. If you have an interest in this field, then one of the things you should have at your finger tips is a range of topics. In this post, we take a look at some great ideas on engineering education to get you started. To someone who would perhaps need more information on the same, this is another website you should consider taking a look at anytime.
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