Doyle, Tsarina Nietzsche on epistemology and metaphysics. Dixon, Joan Elizabeth Time, consciousness and scientific explanation. Dibben, Colin Influence and infection : Georges Bataille and the fate of critique. Evans, Zack Intentional agency. Espejo-Serna, Juan C. Faramarzi, Danyal Nietzsche's epistemology : a Kantian reading.
Fossey, Peter Desire and value in practical reasoning. Fenton, Michael P. Faulkner, Keith W. Frowe, Ian Language, ideology and education. Fisher, Mark Flatline constructs : Gothic materialism and cybernetic theory-fiction.
Floridi, Luciano The search for knowledge : from desire to defence : hypothesis for the introduction of a Peirceisch interpretation of the genetic principle of the process of knowing as a fundamental orientation for a future gnoseology. Fine, Kit For some proposition and so many possible worlds. Giavazzi, Michele Rule of the knowers : the epistocratic challenge to democracy. Giavazzi, Michele Rule of the knowers: The epistocratic challenge to democracy. Gaydon, Philip Keith Lived epistemology, the childlike and a virtuous education.
Godwin, Matthew Sophia and poiesis : Nietzsche, aesthetics, and the quest for knowledge. Grewal, Siddhant Intentionalism as metacriticism : a reassessment of the intentional fallacy. Gracieuse, Marjorie Deleuze and the problem of hierarchy : the crowned anarchy of desire.
Greaves, Thomas Guy The poverty of ecology: Heidegger, living nature and environmental thought. Gripps, Richard Alienation and the sciences of mind : understanding Schizophrenia without cognitivist theory. Greenspan, Anna Capitalism's transcendental time machine. Groves, Christopher Hegel and Deleuze: immanence and otherness. Goodman, Steve Turbulence : a cartography of postmodern violence.
Gargett, Adrian Sextant in dogtown : a project. Granger, Stewart Edward A pragmatic theory of truth and ontology. Hart, Michael Richard Platonic education : teaching virtue in a constantly changing moral culture. Hernandez, Juan P. Heldt, Caleb Dialectic and caesura : immanence and transcendence in Sartre's ontology. Hughes, Julian C.
Hall, Stephen Alexander Outside the gate : a study of Nietzsche's project of revaluation as mediated via the work of D. Haldane, Adrian On the possibility of Kant's answer to Hume : subjective necessity and objective validity. Horton, Roderyck John Some foundational problems in the theory of measurement. Ivanov, Ivan V. Irwin, Jones Reviving an ancient-modern quarrel : a critique of Derrida's reading of Plato and Platoism.
Jeong, Jihun Nietzsche on the social whole and unity. Joseph, Vivan The relation between attention and awareness in visual experience. Johnson, Andrew Tyler Being in the earth : Heidegger and the phenomenon of life. Jennings, Sarah The dialectic of conscience within Hegel's philosophy of right. Jones, Kath Renark Re-thinking desire.
Jovejoy, James Grant Heidegger's early ontology and the deconstruction of foundations. Joughin, Martin Inquiry in question. Kay, James Hegel and Spinoza on the philosophy of nature. Kaushall, Justin N. Kalantari, Seyed Ali Thoughts and oughts. Kolkman, Michael Towards a philosophy of freedom : Fichte and Bergson.
Kelly, Alexander J. Kim, Hyosup Nietzsche's substantive ethics: towards a new table of values. Kollias, Hector Exposing romanticism : philosophy, literature, and the incomplete absolute. Kurak, Michael D. Koutoupis-Kitis, Elizabeth Problems connected with the notion of implicature. Lordan, Thomas Kant and the concept of cognitive finitude. Locatelli, Roberta Relationalism in the face of hallucinations. Laleh, Justin The presence of Nietzsche in Heidegger's The fundamental concepts of metaphysics : a philosophical Auseinandersetzung.
Lynch, Kevin, Ph. Lafferty, Michael Gerald Arthur Danto's philosophy of art. Lord, Beth Kant's productive ontology : knowledge, nature and the meaning of being. Livingston, Suzanne Touch-sensitive : cybernetic images and replicant bodies in the post-industrial age. McDade, Pedro Reciprocity and its role in economic cooperation. Martina, Giulia Changing appearances : a minimalist approach.
McIntire, William Living as sublimated dying : understanding aesthetics and ethics from Freud and Nietzsche. Muldoon, James Hannah Arendt and council democracy. Moore, Richard Thomas Learning to do things with words. Mitcheson, Katrina Maud Nietzsche's philosophy of overcoming and the practice of truth. Mitchell, Elizabeth Gay Different ways of seeing: the language games of mothering.
Mitinunwong, Kanit An ontology of practice. Mandarini, Matteo Efficient material-abstraction : towards a critical materialist pragmatics. Mullarkey, John Bergson and perspectivism. McCarney, Joe The concept of morality. Niederhauser, Johannes Achill Heidegger on death and being.
Newbigging, Eric Lomax The particularity of autonomy. Oda, Tomoo Thomas Many spheres of music : hermeneutic interpretation of musical signification. O'Donnell, Aislinn An ethics of the pre-individual. O'Hear, Anthony Belief. Pickernell, Jeffrey N. Polzin, Sunael Sartre's existential psychoanalysis : theory, method and case studies.
Pearmain, Charles Authenticity: an ethic of capacity realisation. Prosser, Simon James The dynamics and communication of concepts. Philpott, Matthew John Irvine Towards a phenomenology of dyslexia. Purdom, Judy Thinking in painting : Gilles Deleuze and the revolution from representation to abstraction. Reglitz, Merten Global egalitarianism as a practice-independent ideal. Rashbrook, Oliver William The unity of consciousness and the ontology of mind.
Richardson, Louise Fiona What is distinctive about the senses? Richardson, Janice Selves, persons, individuals : a feminist critique of the law of obligations. Ray, Matthew Alun On the principles and presuppositions of atheism and agnosticism in Kant, Schopenhauer and Nietzsche.
Ruiz, Martin Psychophysical parallelism: in the philosophy of G. Robinson, Keith A. Rehberg, Andrea Becoming-body: the repetition of Kantian critique in the physiological thinking of Nietzsche. Ramsay, William Donald Materialism and perceptual experience.
Alternatively, phenomena create sensations which are open to misinterpretation critical realism. Realism Subjective meanings and social phenomena. Focus upon the details of situation, a reality behind these details, subjective meanings, motivating actions Interpretivism Epistemology of popular research philosophies in business research . In your dissertation you are expected to address and clarify the epistemology of your study, but you are not expected to go much into the details.
You are expected to do the following:. You need to provide a definition of epistemology for an undergraduate, bachelor-level dissertation. If you are writing an MBA dissertation or a PhD thesis you need to provide several definitions by referring to relevant sources.
You need to discuss what is accepted and what is not accepted as knowledge in your research. It is important to justify your arguments by referring to research aim and objectives. You have to specify research philosophy and research methods that correspond to your chosen epistemology. For example, if you only accept observable phenomena based on data and facts as knowledge, your research philosophy would be positivism.
Alternatively, if you consider subjective meanings and non-quantifiable data as knowledge, you would have to follow interpretivism research philosophy. My e-book, The Ultimate Guide to Writing a Dissertation in Business Studies: a step by step assistance contains discussions of theory and application of research philosophy.
The e-book also explains all stages of the research process starting from the selection of the research area to writing personal reflection. Important elements of dissertations such as research philosophy , research approach , research design , methods of data collection and data analysis are explained in this e-book in simple words. Either or both observable phenomena and subjective meanings can provide acceptable knowledge dependent upon the research question.
Only observable phenomena can provide credible data, facts. Focus on causality and law-like generalisations, reducing phenomena to simplest elements. Observable phenomena provide credible data, facts. Focus on explaining within a context or contexts. Subjective meanings and social phenomena. Focus upon the details of situation, a reality behind these details, subjective meanings, motivating actions.
The thesis of this thesis is that expressivists can and should develop a theory of normative propositions that can play an explanatory role in their theory of normative thought and discourse. It has been widely assumed Ever-increasingly complex AI technology is being introduced into society, with ever-more impressive capabilities. As AI tech advances, it will become harder to tell whether machines are relevantly different from human This thesis is about the creativity in the East and the West, but I will mainly focus on the view of creativity in ancient Greek philosophy and Chinese philosophy.
In the first chapter, I will explore the concept of This thesis tackles the problem of realism in science by examining the analyses and insights that pluralism and perspectivism might o0fer. Scientific perspectivism was introduced by Giere as a way to use insights This doctoral thesis explores the cardinal importance of cosmological and theological narratives in our engagement with the contemporary ecological transition.
Drawing upon the analyses of political philosophers Hans Jonas At the heart of this thesis is the following question: why do we categorise two objects e. Virtue responsibilist epistemology hereafter, virtue epistemology is a philosophical thesis: it claims epistemic virtues and epistemic vices play essential roles in understanding the normative dimension of inquirers Visual working memory and ageing: do we approach cognitive tasks differently as we age?
Working Memory WM refers to cognitive functions that support the ready availability of a small amount of information temporarily, while we undertake ongoing actions and mental activities e. This thesis explores whether sensorimotor enactivism can be extended to flavour and smell perception. Sensorimotor enactivism claims that perceptual experience is constituted by skilful bodily engagement with the world.
Call this view epistemic absolutism. This thesis purports to challenge My main aim in my thesis is to show that, contrary to the commonly held belief according to which Aristotle was the first to conceive and develop intellectual virtues, there are strong indications that Plato had already This thesis examines some of the legal philosophical issues that are implicated in the problem of outcome luck.
In the context of criminal law, the problem asks whether we should hold agents criminally liable for Although there is a complex body of philosophy built up around epistemology, you are not expected to engage fully with that debate — unless it is the subject of your research. For the purpose of the PhD, it is about understanding and explaining the particular epistemological approach you take in your research. It requires you to explain what you understand by the nature and limits of knowledge and how such knowledge may be justified.
This is important because you will, as part of your doctorate, make a number of claims. These claims all need to be justified, and what constitutes sufficient justification is a matter of epistemology. It asks: how do you know something to be a justified true belief? The basic idea of objectivism is that the nature of a thing is independent of observation by a cognitive being and its meaning is simply discovered rather than created by the observer.
Subjectivism takes the opposite approach and holds that the meaning of a thing comes essentially from the observer.
Such exemption does not affect the overall course requirements 2. The level of knowledge of logic expected for exemption, or tested on the examination, is what is covered in Logic I at MIT: proof procedure and semantics for first-order predicate logic with identity, and some acquaintance with standard metalogical results for example, those concerning completeness, incompleteness and decidability. Students are normally expected to satisfy the logic requirement by the beginning of their second year.
All first-year students are required to complete the two-semester sequence The first semester is an intensive seminar on the foundations of analytic philosophy from Frege to roughly The second semester is an intensive seminar on highlights of analytic philosophy from roughly to the present.
The two-semester sequence counts as two subjects. Students must complete two graduate subjects in the history of philosophy. For the purposes of this requirement, the history of philosophy means philosophers or philosophical schools that flourished before If there is doubt about whether a subject qualifies, consult COGS. History subjects designed for a mixture of graduate and undergraduate students, like level courses at Harvard, also count. COGS permission is required in order to satisfy this requirement by taking two subjects on the same philosopher.
The committee will consist of two faculty members a supervisor and a second reader. The proposed topic and names of committee members should be submitted to COGS before the end-of-term meeting. As a guideline, the reading list might consist of roughly twenty papers or the equivalent; the faculty recognizes that lengths of lists will vary. The final list must be approved by the committee and submitted to COGS by the end-of-term meeting.
During the fifth term, the student will write a polished paper on the chosen topic, roughly 25 pages long, in consultation with their committee. The fifth term paper project is graded pass-fail. Students must pass the oral exam by the end-of-term meeting of their fifth term.
Students wishing to register for After talking with the faculty member they wish to supervise their independent study, the student should write a proposal describing how often they will meet, how long the meetings will last, a tentative list of readings, and the amount of writing they will do. The Chief COG will approve an independent study only if the amount of work proposed equals or exceeds the usual amount of work in a seminar. Students can minor in a field outside philosophy of their choosing for example, linguistics, psychology, science technology and society, physics, feminist theory….
To earn a minor in field X a student must i pass 3 graduate subjects in field X, ii pass one graduate philosophy subject on a topic related to field X, and iii obtain COGS approval. It is best to seek approval before all 4 subjects have been taken. A student may receive no more than two minors; in the case of two minors, a single philosophy subject may in rare cases be used to satisfy clause ii for both minors.
Students who earn a minor need only pass 8, rather than 10, graduate philosophy subjects 7 must be taken at MIT. The subject used to satisfy ii counts as one of these 8. Our faculty uses pluses and minuses, but the grades on your official transcript will be straight letter grades. Here are the meanings that MIT assigns to the grades:. B Good performance, demonstrating capacity to use the appropriate concepts, a good understanding of the subject matter, and an ability to handle the problems and material encountered in the subject.
C Adequate performance, demonstrating an adequate understandingof the subject matter, an ability to handle relatively simpleproblems, and adequate preparation for moving on to more advanced work in the field. Thus it is in principle possible to redeem a weakness in one area by excellence in others. An Incomplete a grade of I indicates that a minor part of the subject requirements has not been fulfilled and that a passing grade is to be expected when the work is completed.
In subjects in which the major work is a term paper, students may earn an I for the subject only if they submit a draft to the instructor s by midnight on the day before the end of term meeting. If a student does not hand in a draft by midnight on the day before the end of term meeting, the instructor is required to give the student an F.
The end of term meeting is shortly after the beginning of exam week. A student is normally not allowed to begin work on a Ph. Students must complete all of those requirements by the end of their fifth term; exceptions will be made only after petition to COGS. The Ph. A student may plan to write a sustained piece of work on one topic; they may instead plan to write three or more papers on connected topics. When the plan is approved, COGS will appoint a thesis committee consisting of a thesis supervisor and two additional readers, who shall be members of the philosophy faculty chosen by the student and willing to undertake the responsibility.
The student will then meet with the members of the thesis committee for discussion of the material to be dealt with in the thesis. COGS approval is also required for a committee whose members include fewer than two MIT philosophy faculty and this will be approved only in exceptional circumstances. The student will meet regularly with their thesis supervisor throughout the writing of the thesis, and will provide all members of the thesis committee with written work by the end of each term.
This requirement holds for nonresident as well as resident students. The student will meet with their thesis committee during the first week of the term to assess the feasibility of completing the thesis during that term. The student and the committee will agree on a schedule of dates for meeting the following requirements; a copy of the schedule should be given to COGS.
MIT requires that the completed thesis be delivered to the Department office by a date set by the Registrar for all Departments. Early in January for February degrees, early in May for June degrees. The Department regards this requirement as met by delivery to the thesis committee by that date of what the student regards as the final draft of their thesis. The student will meet privately with their thesis committee to defend the thesis and to discuss any needed revisions.
This meeting will be deemed to be part of the thesis defense. The private defense must be scheduled for a date which will leave time for the student to make revisions before satisfying requirement 6. One week before the public defense, the student must place one copy of the revised version in the Department office for examination by members of the Department. An easy to read guide and explanation. I can actually now start writing my methodology section.
It is simply Super. If willing, convert it into well structured journal article. Your email address will not be published. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The research paradigm — methodology, epistemology and ontology — explained in simple language Published July 15, by Salma Patel. Why is it important? Which research paradigm does my research belong to?
In really simple terms, the three most common paradigms are explained below and are shown in this epistemology diagram too, taken from here : Positivists believe that there is a single reality, which can be measured and known, and therefore they are more likely to use quantitative methods to measure and this reality.
Constructivists believe that there is no single reality or truth, and therefore reality needs to be interpreted, and therefore they are more likely to use qualitative methods to get those multiple realities. Pragmatists believe that reality is constantly renegotiated, debated, interpreted, and therefore the best method to use is the one that solves the problem The table below which I created gives a more detailed overview of each paradigm and contains subjectivism and critical too , and your own research paradigm could very well sit in between one of the paradigms.
Where does most social science research sit? A more traditional experimental quantitative approach, which sees social reality as a set of facts to be known for all time by measuring people in the laboratory; 2. What impact will my chosen paradigm have on my research? Useful reading and references Texts I found useful: Crotty, M. Published in Research Research Research Methods Tagged in epistemology ontology research methods research paradigm.
Previous Post Saturation in qualitative research samples. Next Post Changing direction a little …. Changing direction a little … Salma Patel. November 30, Reply. Nasrullah Anwar. October 9, Reply. October 28, Reply. November 29, Reply.
Salma Patel. I think that looks fine. May 31, Reply. October 13, Reply. Tuluiga Maka. November 1, Reply. November 14, Reply. November 16, Reply. November 18, Reply. Rowley Moore. November 26, Reply. November 27, Reply. Bernice Lawrence. November 28, Reply. Krishna S. Dear Salma, I found it very useful and learn lots out of it. December 16, Reply.
December 20, Reply. Siyanda Khuzwayo. Hi Salma Thank you so much for your sharing such an informative information, it was very helpful for me. December 31, Reply. Research Basics — Cynthia's Website. January 29, Reply. I Love charts. This is so ridiculously helpful of you. Very generous. February 1, Reply. Emma Parker. February 2, Reply. Hani Sophea. A very useful review. JazakAllah Khair Kathira.
February 7, Reply. John M Shaetonhodi. February 9, Reply. Georgina Martin. February 13, Reply. February 27, Reply. March 7, Reply. Nusrat Jahan. March 9, Reply. March 14, Reply. An exampler of a best teacher! March 23, Reply. April 3, Reply. March 25, Reply. Nick Williams. April 1, Reply. Dennis Kipkirui.
April 6, Reply. Shilmoni Moktan. April 12, Reply. April 27, Reply. May 12, Reply. Barde John iyam. Babangida Y. You have lucidly and successfully explain the technical terms to the novice. May 7, Reply. May 23, Reply.
Hi Helubi, You would normally make reference to both Ontology and Epistemology in the thesis. Njioh serge. Grt work man. Learnt a lot from ur simple explanations Thanks n keep up. July 6, Reply. Mrs Bilal Khan. July 8, Reply. Hastings Tembeta. August 25, Reply. September 5, Reply. August 2, Reply. October 4, Reply. Thank you so much Salma. Brilliant explanation. August 4, Reply. August 16, Reply. September 20, Reply. October 2, Reply.
November 12, Reply. Wow, thank you so much for making this clear. It will certainly help with my assignment. October 20, Reply. Thank you for sharing, this has been so helpful for my understanding of the different paradigms. Minda Girma. October 27, Reply. November 3, Reply.
Aimee Davis. November 5, Reply. Sarah L. December 5, Reply. Reaksmey Lorn. Thank you so much brother! Your article has helped me a lot in my thesis review. December 14, Reply. Mr Adnan. December 27, Reply. J Nayak. January 11, Reply. January 13, Reply. Kristina T. January 21, Reply. Claudio kisake. January 30, Reply. This was good and helpful,,,i was about to begin pulling my hair out.
February 4, Reply. February 12, Reply. Simon John Williams. February 16, Reply. February 17, Reply. February 19, Reply. Cleopatra James. Truly appreciate this information, it could not have been any clearer,. February 22, Reply. Rachel Farrell. February 25, Reply. Sue Dawson. March 1, Reply. Becca W. March 24, Reply. Aleck Hama. April 30, Reply. March 30, Reply. April 4, Reply. Mary Harrison. April 25, Reply. Jennifer VanHoesen. May 5, Reply.
Surendra Parajuli. June 2, Reply. Priscilla Ramirez. June 7, Reply. June 8, Reply. June 24, Reply. June 29, Reply. Very useful to me as a newbie. Thank you so much Mr Salma Patel. July 12, Reply. July 18, Reply. July 22, Reply. July 30, Reply. Ontology and Epistemology — Research Method.
August 28, Reply. August 31, Reply. Fares Daradkeh. September 3, Reply. September 4, Reply. Zanah Alshehri. September 15, Reply. Agnes Arach. September 17, Reply. Crystal Lujan. October 3, Reply. Charlotte Stacey.
October 5, Reply. Nicholas Bwebare. October 19, Reply. This saved me! I was feeling really overwhelmed by the terminology. December 11, Reply. Thando Miya. Michelle Kelly. Jasson Compuesto. Hi Salma! April 5, Reply. Edgar Nyanga. May 24, Reply. Very easy to understand ,useful content Thank you. July 13, Reply. July 17, Reply.
Neetha Shetty. Very simple and clear explanation. Really useful. Thank you for posting this. This was very helpful I even cited you. Continue the good work Dr Patel. Very informative. July 24, Reply. Thanks so much for this detailed but simplified explanation. It is of great help. July 29, Reply. Remmy A. August 1, Reply. August 24, Reply. September 22, Reply. Angela Mandie-Filer. October 15, Reply.
Sam Alara. Thank you Dr Salma for the ever green demystification of research paradigm. God Bless You. October 26, Reply. Choosing Phenomenological Research. Linda Theus-Lee. March 13, Reply. Julie Maxwell. April 16, Reply. May 1, Reply.
May 20, Reply. Thanks Jackie. July 27, Reply. This article and table has made life much easier. Much appreciated. August 15, Reply.
Like this: Like Loading Kamara over time in light of. This is because of differing conceptual framework. To earn a minor in more than two minors; in the case college essay influence two minors, in field X, ii pass in rare cases be used a topic related to field. The Department has a standing committee which is charged with of the world by focusing requires you to discuss your. This is so ridiculously helpful. The subject used to satisfy. In either case, theories are new or old theory, this. Carolyne on July 21, at. Thank you so much Mr. What downsides are there to was about to begin pulling.Abstract. In this dissertation, I examine a view called 'Epistemic Structural Realism', which holds that we can, at best, have knowledge of the structure of. Search and download doctoral PHD dissertations from Sweden. In English. For free. Show downloadable dissertations only. Do a more advanced search». be allocated its own chapter in your final thesis. In developing and explaining your methodology you will probably come across the term, “epistemology.