This study strongly demonstrates that Y, but further raises fundamental questions about X and Z. Although you are likely to have highlighted the recommendations when writing the discussions, here is another opportunity to provide further elaboration. So, how do you do it? Here are some examples :. Here, it is important to be factual.
Remember that when you call for additional studies, a question about it could be thrown your way during the thesis defense. As you close the thesis, your reader should not be left in doubt about the contribution that you made to knowledge in the area of study. Here are some unique ways that you can achieve this:. After writing the thesis, you are finally approaching the end. So, it is the best moment to hit the final steps because everything is still clear and fresh in mind.
Make sure to also check another top example of conclusion in thesis and compare it with yours. The aim is to make your conclusion look better. Here are the main things that you need to work on:. Tired of writing dissertation on your own? Great news! Your email address will not be published. Skip to content. Table of Contents 1. Definition of a dissertation conclusion 2. How to write a dissertation conclusion 3.
How long should a dissertation conclusion be? Differentiating conclusion and discussion 5. Writing a dissertation conclusion 5. Step 1: Start by Answering the Thesis Questions 5. Step 2: Summarize the Thesis Findings 5. Step 3. Draw Key Recommendations 5. Step 4. Highlight the Contribution 6. Close the thesis. The abstract. Although this is coming in the last part of the dissertation, it is positioned before the table of content of the dissertation.
After this, you need to build a bridge linking this chapter with the next one. This will be further discussed in the next chapter. In a dissertation or thesis, there is likely to be a longer section on the limitations of your research. Important though this is, however, you also need to be sure to sell your research in the conclusion - so it is best not to be too negative or over-modest about your achievements at this point.
The key to many dissertations and theses is the need to emphasise the contribution that it makes to research. In a dissertation or thesis, it is more likely that you will have a section on the need for future research. In an MA or MSc dissertation you may like to suggest something that could be developed from your work as a PhD thesis. In a PhD thesis you may like to indicate some potential for post-doctoral work.
When writing an assignment, be careful of the following points: The topic you are writing about may not always require a full conclusion this is particularly the case if your work is heavily analytical or mathematical, or not very discursive. Remember not all assignments require discussion. Check what the expectations are in your own department. Ask your tutor if you are not sure. Even if you do not need a full conclusion, remember that any assignment nearly always needs to be rounded off in some way and brought to an end.
Consider this: will the reader will know that you have finished your work? Or will they just think that you have run out of time - or energy?
Indeed, some universities recommend combining the conclusion and discussion. The main difference between the two is that a conclusion is shorter and takes a more general perspective compared to the discussion. Note that a conclusion should not introduce new information or arguments. To make concluding your thesis easy and direct, you should follow these four steps.
Since you are concluding, it is important to have the arguments clear both in your mind and the thesis. Here is a step-by-step guide on how to conclude a thesis. If you have been wondering how to start a thesis conclusion, the best way is restating the main study questions and thesis. The conclusion offers you the chance to show the reader that the thesis achieved the core goal it was intended to.
So, it is important to craft a straightforward answer to the questions of the research. Remember to avoid simply restating the findings because you will sound repetitive. Instead, synthesize them and put them across in an easy-to-remember manner. See the examples of how to restate thesis in conclusion.
By evaluating the fast-changing representation of migration and Italy border policy in the past 15 years, this demonstrated that media discourse can help to shape the decision making in a country. The person who is reading your dissertation conclusion has come a long way from the first chapter. Well, go a step further and demonstrate how articulately the results from the study synched with your main expectations.
So, summarize the study coherently, showing the entire journey that was followed during the study. At this point, many students find themselves doing a lot of repetition, which can make the conclusion boring. Instead of simply summarizing chapters, consider using a reflective approach.
For example, how effectively did the findings answer the questions of the study? Here are some examples of how to do it:. This study strongly demonstrates that Y, but further raises fundamental questions about X and Z. Although you are likely to have highlighted the recommendations when writing the discussions, here is another opportunity to provide further elaboration. So, how do you do it? Here are some examples :.
Here, it is important to be factual. Remember that when you call for additional studies, a question about it could be thrown your way during the thesis defense. As you close the thesis, your reader should not be left in doubt about the contribution that you made to knowledge in the area of study. Here are some unique ways that you can achieve this:. After writing the thesis, you are finally approaching the end. So, it is the best moment to hit the final steps because everything is still clear and fresh in mind.
Make sure to also check another top example of conclusion in thesis and compare it with yours. The aim is to make your conclusion look better. In particular, does public transit only improve conditions for those who regularly use these systems? Or, do improvements in public transportation positively impact the quality of life for all individuals within a given city or region?
The remainder of this essay explores the research around these questions and considers some possible conclusions. The next step is to review the main points from the paper. Look back at the body of of your paper and make a note of the topic sentence of each paragraph.
You can reword these sentences the same way you reworded your thesis statement and then incorporate that into the conclusion. You can also repeat striking quotations or statistics, but do not use more than two. As the conclusion represents your own closing thoughts on the topic, it should mainly consist of your own words. In addition, conclusions can contain recommendations to the reader or relevant questions that further the thesis. You should ask yourself what you would ideally like to see your readers do in reaction to your paper.
Do you want them to take a certain action or investigate further? Is there a bigger issue that your paper wants to draw attention to? Also try to reference your introduction in your conclusion. You have already taken a first step by restating your thesis in your conclusion.
Now check whether there are other key words, phrases or ideas that are mentioned in your introduction that fit into your conclusion. Connecting the introduction to the conclusion in this way will help readers leave feeling satisfied. Although you can encourage readers to question their opinions and reflect on your topic, do not leave loose ends.
You should provide a sense of resolution and make sure your conclusion wraps up your argument. Pay special attention to make sure you explain why your thesis is relevant to the field of research and how the results of your research fit in. End your conclusion with something memorable, such as a question, warning, or call to action. Your reader will probably wonder: "Why should I care? Depending on the topic, you can also end with a warning or call to action. This will give the reader a reason to care and possible way to use the information contained in your paper.
Need more advice? Continue reading about our 5 additional tips on how to write a good thesis conclusion here. To write a great thesis conclusion you should:. The basic content of a conclusion is to review the main points from the paper.
This part represents your own closing thoughts on the topic. It should mainly consist of the outcome of the research in your own words. The length of the conclusion will depend on the length of the whole thesis. Your reader will probably wonder: "Why should I care?.
Usually, you should start writing your conclusion by first taking notes, and you should do this while proofreading the initial draft of your work. In general, you should use the following approach:. In general, there are three main pitfalls you should always avoid when writing the conclusion for your dissertation. Protracted and Rambling Conclusion — A long and protracted conclusion is when you repeat yourself unnecessarily without adding anything to what you are mentioning about points you already mentioned in your previous chapters before the conclusion.
Short Conclusion — This is actually an improvement to a long and rambling conclusion, which wastes valuable time on the part of your audience. Implausible Conclusion — Often times, doctoral students can come to wild conclusions that boggle the mind. They make claims that have absolutely no logical link to the evidence in their research, or that link is very weak. For example, many PhD students in their very limited small-scale study make wild assertions that the results of their study should be adopted by public policy-makers, governmental officials, and the like.
If you make a list of unsubstantiated claims, you will be wasting a lot of hard work for nothing. Simply stay humble and avoid doing this! How to Actually Write the Dissertation Conclusion Chapter Now that you have a good grasp of what the general outline should be of your conclusion, it is important to look at how to actually write it. To illustrate: If readers were to go over nothing in your work except your conclusion, what message s would you want to leave them with?
What idea, question, call-to-action, etc. In general, you should use the following approach: Use an approach where you would 1 proofread, 2 take notes, and 3 summarize every single chapter of your work. This will pave the way and give you the structure you need for your dissertation conclusion.
Schedule a Free Consultation. Enter Email Confirm Email. Yes, please. No, thank you. Pick out the most important points and sum them up with a succinct overview that situates your project in its broader context. The end is near! Then you need to make sure your reference list is complete and correctly formatted. To speed up the process, you can use our free APA citation generator. Finally, read through the whole document again to make sure your thesis is clearly written and free from language errors.
You've written a great conclusion! Use the other checklists to further improve your dissertation. Have a language expert improve your writing. Check your paper for plagiarism in 10 minutes. Do the check. Generate your APA citations for free! APA Citation Generator. Home Knowledge Base Dissertation How to write a thesis conclusion. The conclusion is the very last part of your thesis or dissertation. Its main purposes are to: Clearly state the answer to the main research question Summarize and reflect on the research Make recommendations for future work on the topic Show what new knowledge you have contributed The conclusion should be concise and engaging.
Receive feedback on language, structure and layout Professional editors proofread and edit your paper by focusing on: Academic style Vague sentences Grammar Style consistency See an example. I have clearly and concisely answered the main research question. I have summarized my overall argument or key takeaways. I have mentioned any important limitations of the research. I have given relevant recommendations. I have clearly explained what my research has contributed to knowledge.
I have not introduced any new data or arguments. Well done! See all other checklists Return to checklist. Is this article helpful? Shona McCombes Shona has a bachelor's and two master's degrees, so she's an expert at writing a great thesis. She has also worked as an editor and teacher, working with students at all different levels to improve their academic writing. Other students also liked. How to write a discussion section In the discussion, you interpret what your results mean and show why they matter.
You can also evaluate limitations and make recommendations. How to write an abstract The abstract is a short summary that appears at the start of your paper.