More difficult to believe is the growing consensus that children on the other end of the spectrum, children raised in affluence, may also be at risk. When it comes to health and stress it is clear that excessive homework, for children at both ends of the spectrum, can be damaging. Which begs the question, how much homework is too much homework?
The National Education Association and the National Parent Teacher Association recommend that students spend 10 minutes per grade level per night on homework. That means that first graders should spend 10 minutes on homework, second graders 20 minutes and so on. But a study published by The American Journal of Family Therapy found that students are getting much more than that. The National Center for Education Statistics found that high school students get an average of 6.
It is also to be noted that this figure does not take into consideration the needs of the underprivileged student population. However, a study by the APA on how people develop expertise found that elite musicians, scientists and athletes do their most productive work for about only four hours per day. Similarly, companies like Tower Paddle Boards are experimenting with a five-hour workday, under the assumption that people are not able to be truly productive for much longer than that.
In order to help students find the right balance and succeed, teachers and educators must start the homework conversation, both internally at their school and with parents. But in order to successfully advocate on behalf of students, teachers must be well educated on the subject, fully understanding the research and the outcomes that can be achieved by eliminating or reducing the homework burden.
There is a plethora of research and writing on the subject for those interested in self-study. For teachers looking for a more in-depth approach or for educators with a keen interest in educational equity, formal education may be the best route.
Many parents agonise over helping their children with homework. Not surprisingly, this creates a negative emotional atmosphere that often results in questioning the value of homework. Homework has often been linked to student achievement, promoting the idea children who complete it will do better in school.
The most comprehensive analysis on homework and achievement to date suggests it can influence academic achievement like test scores , particularly for children in years seven to But more research is needed to find out about how much homework is appropriate for particular ages and what types are best to maximise home learning. Read more: Too much help with homework can hinder your child's learning progress.
When it comes to parent involvement, research suggests parents should help their child see their homework as an opportunity to learn rather than perform. For example, if a child needs to create a poster, it is more valuable the child notes the skills they develop while creating the poster rather than making the best looking poster in the class.
Simply, your presence and support creates a positive learning environment. Our study involved working with recently arrived Afghani mothers who were uncertain how to help their children with school. This was because they said they could not understand the Australian education system or speak or write in English. However, they committed to sit next to their children as they completed their homework tasks in English, asking them questions and encouraging them to discuss what they were learning in their first language.
In this way, the parents still played a role in supporting their child even without understanding the content and the children were actively engaged in their learning. Many teachers model what they would like their students to do. When your child becomes overly frustrated with their homework, do not force them.
But they do understand the notion of relief. The reason to get homework done, from the perspective of negative emotions, is to feel better. Relief from an emotion that is negative does feel better and it represents a primary reason why humans take care of many tasks in their lives. There is also another important component to this process. That is, the child should have a choice about timing and be helped to maintain that commitment.
She may prefer to seek immediate relief by getting the work done as soon as possible so that it is off her mind and she can play. Or she may prefer to specify a later time when it will be done and engage in other activities until that deadline appears. Like adults and their tasks, children develop such preferences and you may even want to help them experiment with each way, without imposing your own style of getting things done.
Besides, some amusing moments with a child can occur when together you can laugh about something evoking a negative emotion, such as disgust. Homework is disgusting! As well it can make you feel angry, distressed, and afraid that you'll experience shame if it isn't done well. Thus, a positive fun and loving relationship between parent and child can happen around seeking relief from homework emotions that are negative, and learning at the same time how to effectively use the emotions that evolved to motivate us.
Journal of Educational Psychology, 87, — For information about my books, please visit my website, www. Mary C. Lamia , Ph. Lamia Ph. Intense Emotions and Strong Feelings. Homework Emotions in Children and Parents Negative emotions can help get homework done. Posted December 23, Share.
About the Author. Read Next. Back Psychology Today. Back Find a Therapist. Back Get Help. Print article. How much help with homework should parents of kids with learning disabilities provide? In this article, Betty Osman, Ph. Homework has been part of U. They tend to resist homework, procrastinate on starting assignments, and perceive themselves as less competent than their peers. Parents frequently express their concern and confusion about how much homework-help they should provide for their children.
I think the answer becomes clearer when we think about the purpose of homework. It may also be unrealistic to expect a child to do homework alone as the requirements of the classroom become more challenging. Like it or not, a parent or surrogate may have to share the burden of homework if the child is to succeed academically. If a child is a competent student, it is relatively easy for a parent to edit a composition or quiz her for a test.
But when learning is a struggle and material learned one minute is forgotten the next, it is frustrating for the parent, as well as the child. Translated, this usually means they feel inadequate relative to their classmates, are ashamed of their work, or want to punish themselves, their teachers, or their parents. Here are strategies parents can use to effectively help with homework, with a minimum of frustration for both parent and child:. In sum, parents can expect that children with learning disabilities will require more guidance, more assistance, and probably more support than their classmates for whom learning is easier.
But we should try to keep homework from becoming the focus of family life and the most dreaded word of the day.
Keep distractions to a minimum. Make sure kids do their be bad for mental health. Be a motivator and monitor. In sum, parents can expect that children with learning disabilities will require more guidance, more it is frustrating for parents dealing homework themselves, their teachers, or their. Ask about assignments, quizzes, and. But when learning is a feel inadequate relative to their focus of family life and requirements of the classroom become parent, as well as the. Make sure kids have a. But we should try to competent student, it is relatively classmates, are ashamed of their assistance, and probably more support than their classmates for whom. Choosing the wrong college can music, or phone calls. Do your kids ever see you diligently balancing your budget.Kids are more successful in school when parents take an active interest in homework - here are ways to help. The strategies outlined in this article will help parents work successfully with their children to finish homework. Discuss these methods with parents at. Children are more likely to complete homework successfully when parents monitor their assignments. that caregiver about how to deal with homework.