Your CV is the tool that helps you get your foot in the door when applying for jobs. Find out how to write a good CV and get tips and advice on what to include in your own personal marketing document. A CV, which stands for curriculum vitae, is a document used when applying for jobs.
It allows you to summarise your education, skills and experience enabling you to successfully sell your abilities to potential employers. Alongside your CV employers also usually ask for a cover letter. These documents tend to be more concise and follow no particular formatting rules.
Take a look at our example of a chronological CV for inspiration. That said one size doesn't fit all. For example, a school leaver or recent graduate with minimal experience may only need to use one side of A4. Although not used as often, a three-page CV might be needed for those in high-level roles or for people who have gained a lot of experience or worked in multiple jobs over the last five to ten years.
For example, some medical or academic CVs may be longer depending on your experience. While it's important to keep your CV concise you should also avoid selling your experience short. To save space only include the main points of your education and experience. Stick to relevant information and don't repeat what you've said in your cover letter.
If you're struggling to edit your CV ask yourself if certain information sells you. If it doesn't cut it out. If it's not relevant to the job you're applying for delete it and if it's old detail from ten years ago summarise it. The first thing to know is that COVID has disrupted the career plans of thousands of students and you're not alone. As a result of the pandemic career-boosting activities such as work experience, internships and volunteering have been postponed or cancelled.
If this has left you worrying about the corona-shaped gap on your CV let us put your mind at rest. Employers understand the challenges caused by lockdowns only too well and they won't expect you to have completed a period of work experience in this time. That said you could still demonstrate to potential employers how you used this time wisely - showing yourself to be a proactive, dedicated and resilient candidate. Where to put this information depends on the activities.
Volunteering or charity work can be included under the 'Work experience' heading. The online courses and additional qualifications you've gained can go in the 'Education' section while any new skills you've learned need to be housed under 'Skills and achievements'. If any new hobbies are relevant to the role you're applying for place these in the 'Hobbies and interests' section. Read our example cover letter explaining a gap in your CV.
If you're a student or recent graduate and you'd like help creating a CV then you can get professional advice from your university careers service. During COVID many university careers services have moved their programme of activities and events online to support students and graduates during the pandemic.
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CVs and cover letters. On this page What is a CV? How long should a CV be? Find out how to write a good CV and get tips and advice on what to include in your own personal marketing document What is a CV? What to include in a CV Contact details - Include your full name, home address, mobile number and email address. Your date of birth is irrelevant and unless you're applying for an acting or modelling job you don't need to include a photograph.
Profile - A CV profile is a concise statement that highlights your key attributes and helps you stand out from the crowd. Usually placed at the beginning of a CV it picks out a few relevant achievements and skills, while expressing your career aims. A good CV profile focuses on the sector you're applying to, as your cover letter will be job-specific.
Keep CV personal statements short and snappy - words is the perfect length. Discover how to write a personal statement for your CV. Education - List and date all previous education, including professional qualifications. Place the most recent first. Mention specific modules only where relevant. Work experience - List your work experience in reverse date order, making sure that anything you mention is relevant to the job you're applying for.
Include your job title, the name of the company, how long you were with the organisation and key responsibilities. If you have plenty of relevant work experience, this section should come before education. Skills and achievements - This is where you talk about the foreign languages you speak and the IT packages you can competently use.
While longer than chronological CVs there isn't really a set page limit , it's still important to keep academic CVs as concise as possible and to target them to the role's requirements, presenting each section in reverse chronological order. Your academic achievements, research interests and specialist skills should be placed on the first page. Also include details of your specialist skills, research outcomes, potential future developments, and any funding or grants that you've received and professional memberships that you've gained.
Find out more about getting an academic job. To find out how to market a PhD effectively, see your PhD, what next? If you're a postgraduate but not looking for an academic career, your CV should follow an alternative layout. Putting together a strong CV when you've just completed your GCSEs or A-levels and you have minimum work experience isn't easy but it can be done.
The good news is employers rarely expect school leavers to have massive amounts of work experience - the length of your CV doesn't matter, it's the quality that counts. Find out more about getting into university , alternatives to university and applying for an apprenticeship. To make your teaching CV stand out begin by highlighting details of your school and teaching experience. This could be a mixture of paid and volunteer positions. Include relevant activities such as sports coaching, summer camps or working with youth groups.
Then outline your teacher educational achievements such as your teacher training and any relevant university modules. List skills that will be useful in the role such as IT knowledge, languages and leadership ability and be sure to mention any interests relevant to teaching such as sporting activities or musical abilities.
Close by providing details of two current referees, such as one from your teacher training and one from teaching practice. Local authorities and schools usually follow 'safer recruitment procedures' and so ask all applicants to complete a standard application form.
That way no-one can hide information, which may be possible in a cleverly written CV. Read more about getting a teaching job. An IT CV, also known as a technical CV, can be used to apply for roles such as web developer, IT consultant, software tester or applications developer. Include an introductory paragraph, which mentions your technical expertise and experience, and incorporate a 'key skills' heading which will allow for more detail when discussing technical competencies.
While you might be tempted to showcase all your technical abilities at once, ensure that you highlight relevant skills first and foremost. You should also bear in mind that the document will need to be understood by non-technical people such as HR managers. Explore IT graduate jobs. At this stage it's ok to leave out the personal profile usually presented at the top of your CV. Who you are, your career ambitions and why you're applying for the role should be clearly stated in your cover letter.
However, if you're applying for solicitor jobs further down the line you'll need to include this personal statement. Begin by outlining your education background, making sure to include relevant electives, modules and awards. Then move on to highlight all legal work experience including vacation schemes, work placements or pro bono work. Commercial awareness is incredibly important to employers so be sure to evidence this in your law CV.
List all commercial experience, including relevant tasks and responsibilities. Discover how to write a legal CV and cover letter. Generally video CVs used in customer-facing and creative roles in marketing, sales and the media, but a good well thought out video CV can get you noticed by employers in any sector. Take a look at how to create a great video CV for examples and advice on how to make one and learn more about creative CVs.
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Here are some reasons why now is an ideal time to create an academic CV:. Like personal statements, CVs are a common grad school application staple though not all programs require them. Admissions committees and faculty members want to see that your skills, experiences, and qualifications make you a great fit for their program and university.
So before you even begin to compose your CV, consider that your readers will have seen hundreds if not thousands of applicant profiles. Keep these considerations in mind to make your CV stand out:. The order of information and level of detail you include about each element of your CV is somewhat flexible and is ultimately up to you. Follow these section-by-section details to craft an academic CV that will impress any admissions committee.
Write your full name, home address, contact number, and email address. Include this information at the top of the first page, either in the center of the page or aligned left. This is a list of the institutions you have attended.
Start with your most recent college or university and work backward to high school. Include the name of the institution, where it is located, the type of degree you received, your major, and the dates you attended. As with teaching experience, research experience may be rare for first-time grad school applicants. But if you have any assistantships, practica, or other research experiences, list them here.
List each award, granting institution, and the date it was awarded. Include any work for which funds were awarded. List the title of the submitting, the name of the awarding institution, the dollar amount of the grant, and the date it was awarded. Because academic research is heavily dependent upon building databases and analyzing data, relevant experience with statistics and computer modeling and analyzing programs EXAMPLES should be highlighted on your CV.
List work positions that highlight your skills and qualifications. This might include internships or jobs with administration duties but can include any work that shows your commitment and work ethic as well. Group experiences into relevant categories if you have more multiple elements to include in one category e. Your employment history should include work going back four to five years, depending on your age and the extent of your work experience.
You will likely begin publishing work during or after graduate school. If you have published work, separated the various kinds of publications into sections for journal articles, reports, and other documents. If you do not have any formal publication credits to your name, you may also cite work in less academic publications such as newspapers, magazines, blogs, and newsletters that highlight your skills as a writer and thinker.
If you do have this experience, include any presentations you have been involved in, whether you were the presenter or contributed to the visual work such as posters and slides. Affiliation with professional or academic groups shows admissions committees a willingness to branch outside of the university environment to pursue your interests and network with other like-minded individuals. In addition to any research or teaching work you have already completed or are currently working on, it is a good idea to discuss directions you would like to take with your research and instruction once you are admitted to graduate school.
Be as specific as possible with the topic and even design of your potential research, and name any specific courses or areas of study for which you would be interested in teaching as a TA in individual classes.
The more information you can present to admissions committees to show your readiness for graduate-level work will raise your value as a candidate. Include community and volunteer activities that helped develop your leadership, organization, or other skills that will help you succeed in graduate school.
Students often find it helpful to review resumes from graduate students who got their first job outside of academe. To see example resumes, visit the Ph. Career Finder in Versatile Ph. A CV is a longer synopsis of your educational and academic background as well as teaching and research experience, publications, awards, presentations, honors, and additional details.
CVs are used when applying for academic, scientific, or research positions. International employers often use CVs as well. A CV can vary from two pages to several pages. Professionals seeking academic positions and non-academic positions in science, higher education, research, and health care typically use a CV. It is also used to seek a fellowship or grant and is expected for some positions overseas. Consult with faculty members in your field to determine what is expected and appropriate for your field.
When sending electronic versions, attach a file or cut and paste the CV into the text of the email message. State your objectives and career interests in the first few lines since they may be the only items seen on a screen.
Read through your CV and proofread it for any spelling or grammar errors. Ask a friend or family member to look it over as well. This CV format will give you a sense of what you might include in your academic CV. When writing your own curriculum vitae, tailor your sections and the order of those sections to your field, and to the job that you want.
In it, include a brief list of the highlights of your candidacy. For each degree, list the institution, location, degree, and date of graduation. If applicable, include your dissertation or thesis title, and your advisors.
You might break this into multiple sections based on your field. Also include any grants you have been given. Depending on your field, you might include the amount of money awarded for each grant. Also list any conferences or panels that you have organized. SERVICE Include any service you have done for your department, such as serving as an advisor to students, acting as chair of a department, or providing any other administrative assistance.
Include all of the information about each publication, including the title, journal title, date of publication, and if applicable page numbers. Mention if you hold a position on the board of any organization. Only include relevant skills and interests. For example, you might mention if you speak a foreign language, or have experience with web design. This is an example of an academic curriculum vitae. Postdoctoral Fellow, XYZ Hospital, Administered extensive neuropsychological and psychodiagnostic assessment for children ages for study on impact of in-class technology on children with various neurodevelopmental conditions.
North, T. Willis, A. Smith, John Indiana University. Job Searching Curriculum Vitae. Table of Contents Expand. Table of Contents. Tips for Writing an Academic CV. Academic Curriculum Vitae Format. Academic Curriculum Vitae Example. More CV Examples and Templates.
Full Bio Follow Linkedin. Follow Twitter. Alison Doyle is the job search expert for The Balance Careers, and one of the industry's most highly-regarded job search and career experts. Read The Balance's editorial policies. Download the Word Template. Fluent in German, French, and Spanish. Quick tip: Hiring managers and recruiters are normally very busy people, and they see lots of CVs on a daily basis.
Bear this in mind when writing your CV and always try to make it concise and easy to read. You can also check out my video guide to writing a CV when you have no experience. Your CV structure and format are crucial to ensuring that a recruiter can read your CV with ease and quickly navigate to the parts that interest them most. The infographic below gives an overview of how to layout your graduate CV and what sections should be included.
Quick tip: Do some research to find out what skills your desired employers are looking for by browsing through relevant job adverts. Educational history — The degree field you studied and what specialist knowledge or practical abilities you took away from your education.
Workplace skills — Include hard skills like languages, IT system knowledge, writing skills, sales, marketing etc. Avoid using too many soft skills team work, communication, organisation etc. Interest in your desired field — As a junior candidate, there may not be much to differentiate you from other graduates , so describing your passion for the career you are pursuing can show employers you will be a serious committed hire.
You should also include this in your cover letter. Quick tip: If you struggle with written English, try using a free grammar checking tool like Grammarly to eliminate the risk of making mistakes. Land your dream job quickly with the Pro Job Hunter pack.
You can include relevant workplace skills, or any academic achievements or positions of responsibility such as being a prefect or leading a student club. Be specific, documenting your exact responsibilities and consider any relevant facts or figures that will add more credibility to your examples, such as timelines of the projects and outputs. Break up projects using bullet points and giving a bold header to each one, allowing ease of reading. See also: CV for PhD application. Your educational experience will be detailed throughout your CV, but this section is reserved for recording all qualifications you have achieved for completeness.
Basic CV template. Add depth to your education, including the level of each qualification completed, dates of achievement and institute in which you studied, as well as any important modules covered. Begin with your most recent qualification probably your degree and work in a backwards chronological order.
You will need to include lots of detail on your degree because that is the area recruiters are likely to be most interested in. You may not have any direct paid work experience, or you may have some part-time retail or restaurant waiting experience.